• Corpus ID: 154021938

States and Pre-State Actors: The Nomadic Challenge to Westphalian Territoriality

@inproceedings{MacKay2009StatesAP,
  title={States and Pre-State Actors: The Nomadic Challenge to Westphalian Territoriality},
  author={Joseph MacKay and Gustavo de Carvalho and Kristin Cavoukian and Ross N. Cuthbert and Jamie Levin},
  year={2009}
}
The collapse of walls and borders after the Cold War has been coupled with a proliferation of transborder non-state actors. However, many non-state actors predate the state system itself. Surveying the phenomenon of traditional nomadism, this paper seeks to extend a critical dialogue about territoriality and borders in IR. Nomadism appears to present unique challenges to sovereignty. It destabilizes the state’s ability to maintain a territorially fixed population under law, undermining the… 
OzNomads: a case study examining the challenges of COVID-19 for a community of lifestyle travellers
ABSTRACT OzNomads are lifestyle travellers who practice extreme mobilities and are independent of specific geographic locations. The COVID-19 pandemic, and subsequent measures imposed by federal and

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