State of the art: evolving concepts in the treatment of heavily calcified and undilatable coronary stenoses - from debulking to plaque modification, a 40-year-long journey.

@article{Barbato2017StateOT,
  title={State of the art: evolving concepts in the treatment of heavily calcified and undilatable coronary stenoses - from debulking to plaque modification, a 40-year-long journey.},
  author={Emanuele Barbato and Evan Shlofmitz and Anastasios N Milkas and Richard Shlofmitz and Lorenzo Azzalini and Antonio Colombo},
  journal={EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology},
  year={2017},
  volume={13 6},
  pages={
          696-705
        }
}
Since the first balloon angioplasty by Andreas Grüntzig 40 years ago, interventional cardiology has witnessed the introduction of countless tools and techniques that have significantly contributed to broadening the application of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in unprecedented anatomic settings. Heavily calcified, fibrotic coronary stenosis has traditionally represented a very challenging scenario for PCI, and a very common indication for surgical revascularisation. This was mostly… CONTINUE READING