State anxiety and visual attention: The role of the quiet eye period in aiming to a far target

  title={State anxiety and visual attention: The role of the quiet eye period in aiming to a far target},
  author={Michael Behan and Mark R. Wilson},
  journal={Journal of Sports Sciences},
  pages={207 - 215}
Abstract In this study, we examined how individuals controlled their gaze behaviour during execution of a far aiming task and whether the functional relationship between perception and action was disrupted by increased anxiety. Twenty participants were trained on a simulated archery task, using a joystick to aim and shoot arrows at the target, and then competed in two counterbalanced experimental conditions designed to manipulate the anxiety they experienced. The specific gaze behaviour… 
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Investigation of throwing performance and quiet eye duration in dart throwing under several vision conditions using a specific eye-tracking paradigm to compare different skill levels in a dart throwing task raises questions regarding the relevance of central vision information pick-up for the quiet eye.
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It is argued that quiet eye duration represents a critical period for movement programming in the aiming response and resulted in poorer performance, irrespective of participant skill level.
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Anxiety, arousal and visual attention: a mechanistic account of performance variability
  • C. Janelle
  • Psychology
    Journal of sports sciences
  • 2002
Recommendations concerning the utility of perceptual training programmes and how these training programmes might be used as anxiety regulation interventions are discussed, and emerging evidence indicates that gaze behaviour tendencies are reliably altered when performers are anxious, leading to inefficient and often ineffective search strategies.
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Event-related potential evidence for the processing efficiency theory
These findings provide more comprehensive and mechanistic evidence for processing efficiency theory, and confirm that increases in cognitive anxiety can result in a reduction of processing efficiency with little change in performance effectiveness.
Anxiety, expertise, and visual search strategy in karate.
The effects of anxiety and expertise on visual search strategy in karate were examined. Expert and novice karate performers moved in response to taped karate offensive sequences presented under low
The role of effort in moderating the anxiety – performance relationship: Testing the prediction of processing efficiency theory in simulated rally driving
The findings suggest that processing efficiency theory holds promise as a theoretical framework for examining the relationship between anxiety and performance in sport.