• Corpus ID: 19913934

State Standards for Nationwide Products Revisited: Federalism, Green Building Codes, and Appliance Efficiency Standards

  title={State Standards for Nationwide Products Revisited: Federalism, Green Building Codes, and Appliance Efficiency Standards},
  author={Alexandra B. Klass},
  journal={Harvard Environmental Law Review},
This Article considers the federal preemption of state standards for building appliances and places the issue within the ongoing federalism debate over the role of state standards for “nationwide products” such as automobiles, pharmaceuticals, and other consumer products. Notably, residential, commercial, and industrial buildings make up approximately 40 percent of total U.S. energy demand and the same percentage of U.S. carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, while the appliances within those… 

Federal Appliance Standards Should be the Floor, Not the Ceiling: Strategies for Innovative State Codes & Standards

This paper presents a detailed assessment of all major federal appliance standards and the incremental savings that could be achieved if more flexibility were integrated into the preemption law to allow regional optimization, and suggests policy changes that could lead to a more synergistic relationship between the federal government and states in the standards setting arena.

EPA's Clean Power Plan: An Emerging New Cooperative Federalism?

The Obama Administration attracted significant attention in June 2014 when it proposed widely varying greenhouse gas emission-reduction targets for each state’s electricity sector. This article

The (Re)Federalization of Fracking Regulation

Controversies surrounding the practice of hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” have engaged the nation in a heated and broad ranging conversation about energy development and environmental protection

Environmental Federalism: A View from the United States

Since Congress exploded onto the scene in the 1970s with several major pieces of environmental legislation, federalism has been a fixture of environmental policy debates. Prior to this time,

Advanced Metering Infrastructure Deployment in the United States: The Impact of Polycentric Governance and Contextual Changes

Advanced metering infrastructure provides the first building block in smart grids by empowering customers and utilities with real-time information regarding energy use. It is a key element in the

Clean Power Politics: The Democratization of Energy

Those of us who follow the energy sector closely will agree: there are many moving parts in clean energy policy, and for newcomers to the field, there is a significant learning curve. When I teach

Building a Safe State

  • M. Go
  • Political Science
  • 2016
Although existing studies uncovered how controversial policies are adopted across American States, little is known as to how regulatory policies are diffused that are technically complex and yet have

Chapter 12 Industrial Sector by

  • 2019



The Sun Also Rises: The Political Economy of Sunset Provisions in the Tax Code

This Article provides an overview and critical analysis of sunset provisions in the tax code, and through examination of the political pressures that led to their striking transformation, also

The USA Patriot Act and the Submajoritarian Fourth Amendment

Public opinion about the controversial surveillance provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act, some of which are scheduled to sunset, shows considerable concern about whether the Act goes too far in

A) (Supp. I

  • 2007

)(A)-(B) (Deering

  • 2010

Joins California as First States to Require High Efficiency Toilets, GREEN LODGING NEWS

    Klass , Pesticides , Children ' s Health Policy and Common Law Tort Claims , 7 MiNN

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    Menell , Regulating " Spyware " : The Limitations of State " Laboratories " and the Case for Federal Preemption of State Unfair Competition Laws , 20 BERKELEY ThCH

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    • 2005

    Sunset Provision Brightens Patriot Act

      GovT ACcOUNTABILITY OFFICE, supra note 91