State Policy and Pasture Degradation in Inner Asia

  title={State Policy and Pasture Degradation in Inner Asia},
  author={David Sneath},
  pages={1147 - 1148}
  • D. Sneath
  • Published 21 August 1998
  • Economics
  • Science
The pastoralists of the Inner Asian grassland have been administered in different ways by Russian, Mongolian and Chinese governments. A Cambridge-based international research project set out to compare the results of these various approaches in the light of the widespread pastoral degradation reported in Chinese and Russian parts of the region. The findings suggest that areas, such as Mongolia, which have retained mobile pastorialism have much lower levels of reported pastoral degradation than… 
Transition of Mountain Pastoralism: An Agrodiversity Analysis of the Livestock Population and Herding Strategies in Southeast Tibet, China
Vertical mobile grazing is typical in undulating mountain landscapes. However, recent social, economic, and political changes in China are impacting these traditional practices. This paper presents
The privatization process of rangeland and its impacts on the pastoral dynamics in the Hindu-Kush Himalaya: the case of western Sichuan, China
Profound changes in the last four decades in China has greatly affected traditional Tibetan pastoral production systems. The Chinese government is implementing an ambitious rangeland intensification
Notions of Rights over Land and the History of Mongolian Pastoralism
In the 1990s the Mongolian state implemented a series of reforms designed to create a competitive market economy based on private property. These included the wholesale privatisation of the pastoral
Rangeland Use and Agro-pastoral Linkage in the Alpine Area of Northwest Yunnan Province, China
Pastoral areas of the People’s Republic of China, such as Inner Mongolia Uighur and Tibet, have suffered serious rangeland degradation since the 1980s due to overgrazing. Therefore, the Chinese
The Potential for Rangeland Development in Yak Rearing Areas of the Tibetan Plateau 1
SUMMARY Rangelands of the Tibetan Plateau are more than just a resource to sustain livestock. This region is an ecological and cultural landscape that fosters a rich diversity of human interactions
Decentralisation, Rural Livelihoods and Pasture-Land Management in Post-Socialist Mongolia
Mongolia's post-socialist transition since 1990 has included, among other changes, reforms toward democratic decentralisation. For natural resource governance, and pasture-land management in
Mobile pastoralists in Iran’s arid lands
Iran’s Nomadic tribes represent part of its rich cultural heritage, and retain traditional knowledge in the sustainable management of the arid nation’s rangelands. Mobile pastoralists constitute 2.1%
Is Degradation a Major Problem in Semi-Desert Environments of the Gobi Region in Southern Mongolia?
This paper tests predictions derived from the non-equilibrium theory of rangeland science. Data were collected in livestock enclosures situated in the relatively moist desert steppes of the Gobi
The Tibetan plateau of China is one of the world's major pastoral areas, in which rangeland management underwent fundamental changes in the twentieth century. This article reviews the rangeland
The role of Mongolian nomadic pastoralists' ecological knowledge in rangeland management.
Past stereotypes of indigenous pastoralists as ignorant and environmentally destructive are being revised as ecological and social science research advances. As yet, little documentation of


Mongolia : a centrally planned economy in transition
With the advent of perestroika and glasnost in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, and their own dissatisfaction with the socialist economic model, Mongolia has chosen to open its economy to
Pastoralism and conservation
Traditional subsistence pastoralists are often seen as causing environmental degradation through overgrazing, and are also seen as responsible for a decline in wildlife numbers through resource
Culture and Environment in Inner Asia.
BRILL Phone (NL) +31 (0)71-53 53 500 Phone (US) +1-617-263-2323 Email: Complementing The Pastoral Economy and the Environment, this volume examines the great social change
The Tragedy of the Commons: Twenty-two years later
Evidence accumulated over the last twenty-two years indicates that private, state, andcommunal property are all potentially viable resource management options.
The Tragedy of the Commons
The population problem has no technical solution; it requires a fundamental extension in morality.