State Feminism, Modernization, and the Turkish Republican Woman

  title={State Feminism, Modernization, and the Turkish Republican Woman},
  author={Jenny B. White},
  journal={NWSA Journal},
  pages={145 - 159}
  • J. White
  • Published 1 October 2003
  • History
  • NWSA Journal
As part of a social experiment designed to create a modern, Westernized society out of a mostly rural, conservative population, the Turkish state, founded in 1923, gave women rights still radical for the time. However, these reforms by the "feminist" state did not evolve as a result of demands originating within society, but were imposed from above. The state's ideal of the modern Republican woman left out the majority of women beyond a small urbanized elite. Furthermore, state feminism did not… 

Figures from this paper

Middle Eastern Feminisms: A Phenomenological Analysis of the Turkish and the Iranian Experience

  • D. Durmuş
  • Sociology
    Comparative and Continental Philosophy
  • 2018
ABSTRACT The aim of this essay is to give voice to the distinct types of feminist consciousnesses in dominantly Muslim societies, which have been mostly ignored or marginalized by Western and

The Construction of the Family Ethic in Turkey

: The Republic of Turkey in 1923, is established on the foundations of secularism and modernity. The newly established state, which turned its face to the West by rejecting the legacy of the Ottoman

Women, Religion, and the State in Contemporary Turkey

Tracing the centrality of women in the definition of Turkish secularism, this study investigates the 2003 decision to increase the number of women officers employed by the Presidency of Religious

Turkish Women Divided by Politics

In the early phase of its rule in Turkey (2002–4), the pro-Islamic government of the AKP (Justice and Development party) and various branches of the state collaborated in a series of political and

The encounter of Kurdish women with nationalism in Turkey

Starting with the late eighteenth century military reforms, continuing with the Tanzimat Decree of 1839, the Second Meşrutiyet in 1908 and the Kemalist Revolution in 1923, modernization in Turkey has

Construction of Gender and National Identity in Turkey: Images of the First Lady in the Turkish Media (2002–7)

This article analyses the conception of womanhood and nationhood in Turkey through images of the First Lady in the media. It demonstrates that while there is a struggle between the secularist and

Expanding Women's Rights versus Conserving the Traditional Family in the Civil Code Amendment Debates in Turkey

Parliamentary debates on the 2001 Turkish civil code amendments have been analysed within the framework of the Islamism-secularism dichotomy. This article re-examines the debates and shows that the

Women and nationalism : How women activists are changing the Kurdish conflict

Introduction The present study attempts to treat the parallel development of nationalistic and social movements in the example of Kurdish nationalism and its relations to the new sociocultural

Being a woman judge in Turkish judicial culture

  • Seda Kalem
  • Sociology
    International Journal of the Legal Profession
  • 2019
ABSTRACT This study is a feminist exploration of how gender influences the professional and social lives of women judges in Turkey. I asked women judges from lower courts to talk about their

Contextualizing the “Turkish Paradox”

The chapter contextualizes the “Turkish paradox” of lower representation of women in municipal councils as compared to in the Parliament. Women’s political underrepresentation is analyzed through



Feminism in Turkey: A Short History

In May 1987, about 3000 women marched through the streets of Istanbul to protest against the battering of women in the home. This was not the first time that women in Turkey had taken to the streets,

Istanbul Households: Marriage, Family and Fertility, 1880-1940

The authors combine the methods and approaches of social anthropology historical demography and social history to examine changes in marriage the family and fertility in Istanbul Turkey in the late

The Rise of Modern Turkey@@@Rise of the Young Turks: Politics, the Military and Ottoman Collapse@@@Ataturk: The Biography of the Founder of Modern Turkey

In this major new biography of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and the first to appear in English based on Turkish sources, Andrew Mango strips away the myth, to show the complexities of one of the most

Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey

List of IllustrationsAcknowledgments Introduction, Sibel Bozdogan and Resat Kasaba Kemalist Certainties and Modern Ambiguities, Resat Kasaba Whither the Project of Modernity? Turkey in the 1990s,

Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women

Introduction: Feminism, Multiculturalism, and Human Equality Joshua Cohen, Matthew Howard, and Martha C. Nussbaum 3 PART 1: IS MULTICULTURALISM BAD FOR WOMEN? Susan Moller Okin 7 PART 2: RESPONSES

The Children's Protection Society: Nationalizing Child Welfare in Early Republican Turkey

  • K. Libal
  • Sociology
    New Perspectives on Turkey
  • 2000
“Song of the Children's Protection Society” (Himaye-i Etfal Türküsü) Oh, Homeland! Homeland! Homeland! It is these Turkish children Who protect you, who make you shine, Who increase your renown. Oh,

Deconstructing images of "the Turkish woman"