State-Dependent Memory: Neurobiological Advances and Prospects for Translation to Dissociative Amnesia

  title={State-Dependent Memory: Neurobiological Advances and Prospects for Translation to Dissociative Amnesia},
  author={Jelena Radulovic and Royce J. Lee and Andrew Ortony},
  journal={Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience},
In susceptible individuals, overwhelming traumatic stress often results in severe abnormalities of memory processing, manifested either as the uncontrollable emergence of memories (flashbacks) or as an inability to remember events (dissociative amnesia, DA) that are usually, but not necessarily, related to the stressful experience. These memory abnormalities are often the source of debilitating psychopathologies such as anxiety, depression and social dysfunction. The question of why memory for… 

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  • Biology, Psychology
  • 2022

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ABSTRACT Acting out and enactment are terms in widespread use colloquially and in psychoanalytic psychotherapy to describe patient and therapist behavior. Both terms are poorly defined in the

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Personality disorders have long been hypothesized to be etiologically related to childhood trauma. Evidence for the association between childhood trauma and personality disorder is strong and

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  • E. Cardeña
  • Psychology
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2022
A brief summary of Ernest R. Hilgard's contributions to hypnosis, emphasizing his dissociation theory, and placing it within previous and later dissociation theories of hypnosis.

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In a substantial number of patients, a synchronization abnormality between a frontal lobe system, important for autonoetic consciousness, and a temporo-amygdalar system provides empirical support for an underlying mechanism of dissociation (a failure of integration between cognition and emotion).

Psychogenic amnesia

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Since trauma arises from an inescapable stressful event that overwhelms people's coping mechanisms, it is uncertain to what degree the results of laboratory studies of ordinary events are relevant to

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The purpose of this review is to dispel confusion regarding the controversial notion of dissociated (or repressed) memory for trauma and to show how people can recall memories of long-forgotten sexual abuse without these memories first having been repressed.

Dissociative amnesia.

Dissociation and the fragmentary nature of traumatic memories: overview and exploratory study.

The evidence implicating dissociation as the central pathogenic mechanism that gives rise to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is reviewed, and it is indicated that traumatic memories were retrieved, at least initially, in the form of dissociated mental imprints of sensory and affective elements of the traumatic experience.

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Psychogenic amnesia: syndromes, outcome, and patterns of retrograde amnesia

The outcome in psychogenic amnesia, particularly those characterized by fugue, is better than generally supposed, and with respect to Anderson's neuroimaging findings in memory inhibition.