State-Building, Informal Governance and Organised Crime: The Case of Somali Piracy

@article{Shortland2016StateBuildingIG,
  title={State-Building, Informal Governance and Organised Crime: The Case of Somali Piracy},
  author={Anja Shortland and Federico Varese},
  journal={Political Studies},
  year={2016},
  volume={64},
  pages={811 - 831}
}
This article argues that gangs, clans, mafias and insurgencies are, like states, forms of governance. This insight is applied to the case of Somali piracy and the article explores whether protectors of piracy were clearly distinct from pirates; and to what extent protectors coordinated their activities across the Somali coastland. It is shown that clan elders and Islamist militias facilitated piracy by protecting hijacked ships in their anchorages and resolving conflicts within and between… 

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