Stalkers and harassers of royalty: the role of mental illness and motivation

  title={Stalkers and harassers of royalty: the role of mental illness and motivation},
  author={David V. James and Paul Edward Mullen and Michel Path{\'e} and J. Reid Meloy and Lulu F. Preston and Brian J. Darnley and Frank Farnham},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  pages={1479 - 1490}
Background Public figures are at increased risk of attracting unwanted attention in the form of intrusions, stalking and, occasionally, attack. Whereas the potential threat to the British Royal Family from terrorists and organized groups is clearly defined, there is a dearth of knowledge about that from individual harassers and stalkers. This paper reports findings from the first systematic study of this group. Method A retrospective study was conducted of a randomly selected stratified sample… 

Stalkers and harassers of British royalty: an exploration of proxy behaviours for violence.

This study of harassers of the royal family examined factors suggested in the literature as proxies for violence--breaching security barriers, achieving proximity, approach with a weapon, and approach with homicidal ideation.

Harassment, stalking, threats and attacks targeting New Zealand politicians: A mental health issue

The harassment of politicians in New Zealand is common and concerning, and many of those responsible were thought to be mentally ill by their victims and represents an opportunity for mental health intervention.

Harassment and stalking of Members of the United Kingdom Parliament: associations and consequences

Abstract A survey concerning intrusive/aggressive behaviours towards MPs was administered at Westminster, and in Queensland, New Zealand and Norway. Follow-up interviews were conducted with a sample

Protecting the prominent? A research journey with Paul Mullen.

  • D. James
  • Psychology
    Criminal behaviour and mental health : CBMH
  • 2010
The high prevalence of psychotic illness in threateners and harassers of public figures and the frequency of warning behaviours determines that these factors should be accorded a central role in the assessment and management of such cases.

Stalking, mental disease, imputability: Thoughts on 20 cases

Stalking is the product of an interaction between context (including the dyadic relationship between stalker and victim) and individual factors such as psychopathology. Those who have stalking

Approach and escalation in stalking

Approach and escalation from communication to approach are important considerations in stalking, because intrusive behaviours cause victims distress, and approach is a pre-requisite for attack. This

Stalking, harassment and aggressive/intrusive behaviours towards general practitioners: (2) associated factors, motivation, mental illness and effects on GPs

GPs’ responses to aggressive/intrusive behaviours included increasing security and changing routines, with small minorities afraid to go out or be at home alone, and a proportion experiencing adverse effects on personal relationships.

The role of psychopathology in stalking by adult strangers and acquaintances

  • T. McEwanS. Strand
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 2013
Those who stalk strangers and acquaintances are often mentally ill and psychopathology is associated with more persistent and recurrent stalking behaviour, and these findings strongly support the argument for routine mental health assessment of stranger and acquaintance stalkers who become involved with the criminal justice system.

Stalking by females

A variety of different tactics adopted by female stalkers and a lesser propensity to pass on to physical violence are outlined and a significant proportion of female stalking is carried out in the occupational setting, especially in the field of psychotherapy, where the male–female ratio is reversed.



Assessing presidential stalkers and assassins.

  • R. T. Phillips
  • Psychology
    The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2006
The author presents five descriptive categories that he suggests capture the various motivations of presidential stalkers and assassins and characterize the clinical context in which the behavior occurs.

Assessing and managing the risks in the stalking situation.

A structured approach to assessment and management involving domains based on the relationship between stalker and victim, the type of motivation driving the stalking, the stalker's risk profile, the victim's risk profiles, and finally, the legal and mental health context is outlined.

Attacks on the British Royal family: the role of psychotic illness.

The role of psychotic disorders in attacks on British Royalty is examined. In the 23 attacks, there was evidence of psychotic illness at the time in 11 (48%) cases, with evidence of mental disorder

The Public Figure Assassin as Terrorist

According to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, terrorism is defined as: “The unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group or individual against persons or property to

A comparative study of erotomanic and obsessional subjects in a forensic sample.

A forensic sample is reviewed to select subjects who meet criteria for the diagnosis of erotomania and case histories from all of the case files of the Threat Management Unit of the Los Angeles Police Department were reviewed to compare erOTomanic subjects with those who were suffering from other disorders.

The politics of regicide in England, 1760–1850

This study appraises the often complex relationship between British monarchs and some of their more troublesome subjects in the "age of revolutions". By exposing a rationale behind the efforts of the

A research review of public figure threats, approaches, attacks, and assassinations in the United States.

The authors review extant research on threats, approaches, attacks, and assassinations of public figures in the United States and indicate that direct threats toward the target are unusual and are often correlated negatively with an approach or attack.

The role of mental disorder in attacks on European politicians 1990–2004

This study re‐examines the role of mental illness and threats to public figures through a study of attacks on European politicians through a collection of studies from the USA.

An epidemiological assessment of problematic contacts to members of Congress.

In order to assess the nature of threat assessment activity pertaining to members of Congress, 4387 cases involving threatening and other problematic contact were analyzed and subject characteristics, articulated motives, as well as several aspects of contact behavior in relation to approach behavior were studied.