Stalkers and harassers of royalty: the role of mental illness and motivation

  title={Stalkers and harassers of royalty: the role of mental illness and motivation},
  author={David V. James and Paul Edward Mullen and Michel Path{\'e} and J. Reid Meloy and Lulu F Preston and Brian J Darnley and Frank R. Farnham},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  pages={1479 - 1490}
Background Public figures are at increased risk of attracting unwanted attention in the form of intrusions, stalking and, occasionally, attack. Whereas the potential threat to the British Royal Family from terrorists and organized groups is clearly defined, there is a dearth of knowledge about that from individual harassers and stalkers. This paper reports findings from the first systematic study of this group. Method A retrospective study was conducted of a randomly selected stratified sample… Expand
Stalkers and harassers of British royalty: an exploration of proxy behaviours for violence.
This study of harassers of the royal family examined factors suggested in the literature as proxies for violence--breaching security barriers, achieving proximity, approach with a weapon, and approach with homicidal ideation. Expand
Harassment, stalking, threats and attacks targeting New Zealand politicians: A mental health issue
The harassment of politicians in New Zealand is common and concerning, and many of those responsible were thought to be mentally ill by their victims and represents an opportunity for mental health intervention. Expand
Harassment and stalking of Members of the United Kingdom Parliament: associations and consequences
Abstract A survey concerning intrusive/aggressive behaviours towards MPs was administered at Westminster, and in Queensland, New Zealand and Norway. Follow-up interviews were conducted with a sampleExpand
Persistence in stalking: a comparison of associations in general forensic and public figure samples
In stalking research, the risk domain of persistence concerns the likelihood that intrusive behaviours will continue towards the same target. This is a major source of anxiety to victims, and is ofExpand
Stalking public figures: The fixated loner
Up to 30% of women and 12% of men will be stalked at some point in their lives. The risk is greater in certain groups, such as health professionals, but it is most pronounced for high- profileExpand
Protecting the prominent? A research journey with Paul Mullen.
  • D. James
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Criminal behaviour and mental health : CBMH
  • 2010
The high prevalence of psychotic illness in threateners and harassers of public figures and the frequency of warning behaviours determines that these factors should be accorded a central role in the assessment and management of such cases. Expand
Stalking, mental disease, imputability: Thoughts on 20 cases
Stalking is the product of an interaction between context (including the dyadic relationship between stalker and victim) and individual factors such as psychopathology. Those who have stalkingExpand
Approach and escalation in stalking
Approach and escalation from communication to approach are important considerations in stalking, because intrusive behaviours cause victims distress, and approach is a pre-requisite for attack. ThisExpand
Protecting the prominent ? A research journey with Paul Mullen
Recent research from the United Kingdom has called into question entrenched assumptions from the USA about public fi gure threat assessment, in particular the low importance given to mental illnessExpand
Stalking, harassment and aggressive/intrusive behaviours towards general practitioners: (2) associated factors, motivation, mental illness and effects on GPs
Seventy per cent of general practitioners (GPs) were found in an earlier study to have been subject to aggressive/intrusive behaviours by patients, with nearly 20% stalked and 20% harassed. Using theExpand


The Psychology of Stalking
Publisher Summary Diana, Princess of Wales, was killed in an automobile accident on August 31, 1997. Millions grieved at the loss of what they felt to be a personal relationship with a woman they hadExpand
Assessing presidential stalkers and assassins.
  • R. T. Phillips
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 2006
The author presents five descriptive categories that he suggests capture the various motivations of presidential stalkers and assassins and characterize the clinical context in which the behavior occurs. Expand
Assessing and managing the risks in the stalking situation.
A structured approach to assessment and management involving domains based on the relationship between stalker and victim, the type of motivation driving the stalking, the stalker's risk profile, the victim's risk profiles, and finally, the legal and mental health context is outlined. Expand
Attacks on the British Royal family: the role of psychotic illness.
The role of psychotic disorders in attacks on British Royalty is examined. In the 23 attacks, there was evidence of psychotic illness at the time in 11 (48%) cases, with evidence of mental disorderExpand
The Public Figure Assassin as Terrorist
According to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, terrorism is defined as: “The unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group or individual against persons or property toExpand
A comparative study of erotomanic and obsessional subjects in a forensic sample.
A forensic sample is reviewed to select subjects who meet criteria for the diagnosis of erotomania and case histories from all of the case files of the Threat Management Unit of the Los Angeles Police Department were reviewed to compare erOTomanic subjects with those who were suffering from other disorders. Expand
The Politics of Regicide in England, 1760-1850: Troublesome Subjects
This study appraises the often complex relationship between British monarchs and some of their more troublesome subjects in the "age of revolutions". By exposing a rationale behind the efforts of theExpand
A research review of public figure threats, approaches, attacks, and assassinations in the United States.
The authors review extant research on threats, approaches, attacks, and assassinations of public figures in the United States and indicate that direct threats toward the target are unusual and are often correlated negatively with an approach or attack. Expand
The role of mental disorder in attacks on European politicians 1990–2004
This study re‐examines the role of mental illness and threats to public figures through a study of attacks on European politicians through a collection of studies from the USA. Expand
An epidemiological assessment of problematic contacts to members of Congress.
In order to assess the nature of threat assessment activity pertaining to members of Congress, 4387 cases involving threatening and other problematic contact were analyzed and subject characteristics, articulated motives, as well as several aspects of contact behavior in relation to approach behavior were studied. Expand