Stages in adolescent involvement in drug use

@article{Kandel1975StagesIA,
  title={Stages in adolescent involvement in drug use},
  author={Denise B. Kandel},
  journal={Science},
  year={1975},
  volume={190},
  pages={912 - 914}
}
  • D. Kandel
  • Published 28 November 1975
  • Law
  • Science
Two longitudinal surveys based on random samples of high school students in New York State indicate four stages in the sequence of involvement with drugs: beer or wine, or both; cigarettes or hard liquor; marihuana; and other illicit drugs. The legal drugs are necessary intermediates between nonuse and marihuana. Whereas 27 percent of high school students who smoke and drink progress to marihuana within a 5- to 6-month follow-up period, only 2 percent of those who have not used any legal… 
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The “stepping-stone” theory of progression into drug use is examined, based on the alcohol and other drug use of over 27,000 seventh-through eighth-grade students in New York State. The data show
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