Stage I testicular seminoma: management and controversies.

@article{Pectasides2009StageIT,
  title={Stage I testicular seminoma: management and controversies.},
  author={Dimitrios G Pectasides and Eirini Pectasides and Anastasia Constantinidou and Gerassimos Aravantinos},
  journal={Critical reviews in oncology/hematology},
  year={2009},
  volume={71 1},
  pages={22-8}
}
Seminomas constitute more than half of testicular germ-cell tumours and 70-80% of patients with seminoma present with clinical stage I disease. Post-orchiectomy, management options include irradiation, surveillance or chemotherapy. Adjuvant irradiation to the infradiaphragmatic lymph nodes is the standard of care with relapse rates of 3-4%. Long-term follow-up data have shown association with late complications (cardiotoxicity, second malignancy, fertility impairment). Surveillance is an… CONTINUE READING

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