Stage I and II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction treated by a structured nonoperative management protocol: an orthosis and exercise program.

@article{Alvarez2006StageIA,
  title={Stage I and II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction treated by a structured nonoperative management protocol: an orthosis and exercise program.},
  author={Richard G Alvarez and Andrew Marini and Coleen Schmitt and Charles L. Saltzman},
  journal={Foot & ankle international},
  year={2006},
  volume={27 1},
  pages={2-8}
}
BACKGROUND Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a relatively common problem of middle-aged adults that usually is treated operatively. The purpose of this study was to identify strength deficits with early stage PTTD and to assess the efficacy of a focused nonoperative treatment protocol. METHODS Forty-seven consecutive patients with stage I or II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction were treated by a structured nonoperative protocol. Criteria for inclusion were the presence of a… CONTINUE READING
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