Stage Fright in Musicians: A Model Illustrating the Effect of Beta Blockers

@article{Neftel1982StageFI,
  title={Stage Fright in Musicians: A Model Illustrating the Effect of Beta Blockers},
  author={Klaus A. Neftel and Rolf Adler and Louis Kappeli and Mario Rossi and Martin Dolder and Hans E Kaser and Heinz H. Bruggesser and Helmut Vorkauf},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  year={1982},
  volume={44},
  pages={461–469}
}
&NA; Stage fright was used to investigate the mode of action of beta blockers in acute anxiety and on the technical‐motor performance of 22 performing string players. They received 100 mg of atenolol or placebo 6.5 hr before performing either in the presence or absence of an audience. Continuous heart rate, stage fright (especially devised rating scale), technical‐motor performance (runs of fast notes, trills, vibratos), and urine catecholamine levels were assessed. Before an audience the… 
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