Stage B heart failure: management of asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction.

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by symptoms of effort intolerance (eg, dyspnea and fatigue) and/or signs of fluid retention (eg, pulmonary congestion and peripheral edema) due to a variety of pathological processes that perturb normal cardiac function. Approximately 50% of HF patients present with evidence of left ventricular… (More)

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