Stable magnetic field gradient levitation of Xenopus laevis: toward low-gravity simulation.

@article{Valles1997StableMF,
  title={Stable magnetic field gradient levitation of Xenopus laevis: toward low-gravity simulation.},
  author={James M. Valles and Kai-yang Lin and James M Denegre and Kimberly L. Mowry},
  journal={Biophysical journal},
  year={1997},
  volume={73 2},
  pages={1130-3}
}
We have levitated, for the first time, living biological specimens, embryos of the frog Xenopus laevis, using a large inhomogeneous magnetic field. The magnetic field/field gradient product required for levitation was 1430 kG2/cm, consistent with the embryo's susceptibility being dominated by the diamagnetism of water and protein. We show that unlike any other earth-based technique, magnetic field gradient levitation of embryos reduces the body forces and gravity-induced stresses on them. We… CONTINUE READING
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