Stable Prenucleation Calcium Carbonate Clusters

@article{Gebauer2008StablePC,
  title={Stable Prenucleation Calcium Carbonate Clusters},
  author={D. Gebauer and A. V{\"o}lkel and H. C{\"o}lfen},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={322},
  pages={1819 - 1822}
}
Calcium carbonate forms scales, geological deposits, biominerals, and ocean sediments. Huge amounts of carbon dioxide are retained as carbonate ions, and calcium ions represent a major contribution to water hardness. Despite its relevance, little is known about the precipitation mechanism of calcium carbonate, and specified complex crystal structures challenge the classical view on nucleation considering the formation of metastable ion clusters. We demonstrate that dissolved calcium carbonate… Expand
Water is the key to nonclassical nucleation of amorphous calcium carbonate.
Nucleation and dehydration of calcium carbonate
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