Stabilisation splint therapy for temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome.

  title={Stabilisation splint therapy for temporomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome.},
  author={M. Ziad Al‐Ani and Stephen J. Davies and Robin J.M. Gray and Philip Sloan and A-M. Glenny},
  journal={The Cochrane database of systematic reviews},
BACKGROUND Pain dysfunction syndrome (PDS) is the most common temporomandibular disorder (TMD). There are many synonyms for this condition including facial arthromylagia, TMJ dysfunction syndrome, myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome, craniomandibular dysfunction and myofacial pain dysfunction. The aetiology of PDS is multifactorial and many different therapies have been advocated. OBJECTIVES To establish the effectiveness of stabilisation splint therapy in reducing symptoms in patients with… 

Efficacy of splint therapy for the management of temporomandibular disorders: a meta-analysis

A meta-analysis of studies treating temporomandibular disorders in adults found that splint therapy increased maximal mouth opening and reduced pain intensity measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS) for patients with TMD without specific description (TMDSD).

WITHDRAWN: Orthodontics for treating temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.

There are insufficient research data on which to base clinical practice on the relationship of active orthodontic intervention and TMD, and there is an urgent need for high quality randomised controlled trials in this area of orthodentic practice.

Orthodontics for treating temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.

There are insufficient research data on which to base clinical practice on the relationship of active orthodontic intervention and TMD, and there is an urgent need for high quality randomised controlled trials in this area of orthodentic practice.

Efficacy of stabilisation splint treatment on temporomandibular disorders.

The findings of this study did not show that stabilisation splint treatment in combination with counselling and masticatory muscle exercises has additional benefit in relieving facial pain and increasing the mobility of the mandible than counselling andmasticatory Muscle exercises alone in a short time-interval.

Stabilization Appliances as Treatment for Myogenous Temporomandibular Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

There is low quality of evidence to support the use of flat stabilization splints worn only at night or 24 hours to provide a reduction of pain intensity in the treatment for myogenous temporomandibular disorders.

Efficacy of Arthrocentesis and Stabilization Splints in Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint Disc Displacement Disorder Without Reduction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Arthrocentesis showed effective result in terms of increase in mouth opening and reduction of pain level compared to stabilization splint and other non-invasive approaches in patients with disc displacement disorders without reduction.

Outcomes of physical therapy in patients with temporomandibular disorder: a retrospective review.

  • John Ragonese
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • 2020


Reducing muscle activity, relief pain clicking disappearance were the main outcomes of the included papers.

Similar treatment outcome in myofascial TMD patients with localized and widespread pain

Oral appliance treatment had a positive effect on all outcome measures during the 1-year follow-up in patients suffering from myofascial TMD pain, regardless of whether the pain was localized or widespread, and multiple pain sites seemed to have surprisingly little influence on the outcome variables.

Lavage therapy versus nonsurgical therapy for the treatment of arthralgia of the temporomandibular joint: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

The results suggest that lavage of the TMJ may be slightly more effective than nonsurgical treatment for pain reduction, however, this difference is not likely to be clinically relevant.



[Comparison of treatment options for myogenous temporomandibular dysfunction].

Couning, which yielded a reduction of 27% of the scored pain intensity, will most likely eliminate any further need for treatment of patients with a low level of myogenous TMD signs and symptoms and physiotherapy might be preferred as a starting option with respect to splint therapy.

Widespread pain and the effectiveness of oral splints in myofascial face pain.

Clinicians should screen patients with myofascial face pain for the presence of widespread pain, since this comorbid symptom pattern may be a contraindication for the use of oral splints.

The pattern of splint usage in the management of two common temporomandibular disorders. Part II: The stabilisation splint in the treatment of pain dysfunction syndrome

Patients being treated for pain dysfunction syndrome by a stabilisation splint need wear the splint only at night, with a marked improvement by subjective and objective assessment.

A randomized clinical trial of intraoral soft splints and palliative treatment for masticatory muscle pain.

The findings of this study suggest that the softsplint is an effective short-term treatment for reducing the signs and symptoms of masticatory muscle pain in patients, and the soft splint does not cause occlusal changes.

A comparison of two splints in the treatment of TMJ pain dysfunction syndrome. Can occlusal analysis be used to predict success of splint therapy?

Pretreatment occlusal analysis demonstrated three indicators of successful splint therapy which appeared to be independent of design, which were the absence of centric relation occlusion, the existence of non-working side interferences and an absence of ideal anterior guidance.

Evaluation of occlusal splint therapy and relaxation procedures in patients with temporomandibular disorders.

It is suggested that occlusal splint therapy is a more effective treatment for the pain, tenderness, and limited mandibular opening associated with temporomandibular disorders than relaxation therapy.

Evaluation of acupuncture and occlusal splint therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders.

The study showed that the Acuhealth unit proved to be an ideal early therapy for TMD, and complemented later with occlusal splint.

Outcome of 6-week treatment with transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation compared with splint on symptomatic temporomandibular joint disk displacement without reduction.

The conclusion was that flat occlusal splints in several respects are better than TENS in the treatment of symptoms associated with TMJ disk displacement without reduction.