St. Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February

@article{Oruch1981StVC,
  title={St. Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February},
  author={Jack B. Oruch},
  journal={Speculum},
  year={1981},
  volume={56},
  pages={534 - 565}
}
Late in the fourteenth century Chaucer and his friends John Gower, Sir John Clanvowe, and the Savoyard soldier-poet Oton de Grandson wrote poems in which St. Valentine figures as a patron of the mating of birds and human lovers.* Of these pieces Chaucer's two poems, the Parlement of Foules and the Complaint of Mars, have attracted the most attention. Although many critics speak of these two works as belonging to a "Valentine tradition," and some even discuss ways in which Chaucer makes… 
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