Src, Fyn, and Yes are not required for neuromuscular synapse formation but are necessary for stabilization of agrin-induced clusters of acetylcholine receptors.

Abstract

Mice deficient in src and fyn or src and yes move and breathe poorly and die perinatally, consistent with defects in neuromuscular function. Src and Fyn are associated with acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in muscle cells, and Src and Yes can act downstream of ErbB2, suggesting roles for Src family kinases in signaling pathways regulating neuromuscular synapse formation. We studied neuromuscular synapses in src(-/-); fyn(-/-) and src(-/-); yes(-/-) mutant mice and found that muscle development, motor axon pathfinding, clustering of postsynaptic proteins, and synapse-specific transcription are normal in these double mutants, showing that these pairs of kinases are not required for early steps in synapse formation. We generated muscle cell lines lacking src and fyn and found that neural agrin and laminin-1 induced normal clustering of AChRs and that agrin induced normal tyrosine phosphorylation of the AChR beta subunit in the absence of Src and Fyn. Another Src family member, most likely Yes, was associated with AChRs and phosphorylated by agrin in myotubes lacking Src and Fyn, indicating that Yes may compensate for the loss of Src and Fyn. Nevertheless, PP1 and PP2, inhibitors of Src-class kinases, did not inhibit agrin signaling, suggesting that Src class kinase activity is dispensable for agrin-induced clustering and tyrosine phosphorylation of AChRs. AChR clusters, however, were less stable in myotubes lacking Src and Fyn but not in PP1- or PP2-treated wild-type cells. These data show that the stabilization of agrin-induced AChR clusters requires Src and Fyn and suggest that the adaptor activities, rather than the kinase activities, of these kinases are essential for this stabilization.

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@article{Smith2001SrcFA, title={Src, Fyn, and Yes are not required for neuromuscular synapse formation but are necessary for stabilization of agrin-induced clusters of acetylcholine receptors.}, author={Carolyn L. Smith and Peggy Mittaud and Elizabeth D Prescott and Claude Fuhrer and Steven J. Burden}, journal={The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience}, year={2001}, volume={21 9}, pages={3151-60} }