Squalenoylation: a generic platform for nanoparticular drug delivery.


Squalene is a triterpene widely distributed in nature that is an intermediate in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway. The remarkable dynamic folded conformation of squalene has been used to chemically conjugate this lipid with various therapeutic molecules to construct nanoassemblies of 100-300 nm. In this review, we discuss the new concept of "squalenoylation" through application to anticancer (i.e. gemcitabine, paclitaxel, cisplatin etc.…) or antiviral (ddI, ddC) compounds. In a lego-type approach, it is also possible to construct multifunctional nanoparticles endowed with additional imaging functionalities (i.e. "Nanotheragnostics"). This new nanotechnology platform is expected to have important applications in pharmacology.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2011.07.038
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@article{Desmale2012SqualenoylationAG, title={Squalenoylation: a generic platform for nanoparticular drug delivery.}, author={Didier Desma{\"{e}le and Ruxandra Gref and Patrick Couvreur}, journal={Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society}, year={2012}, volume={161 2}, pages={609-18} }