Sprint Interval Training Effects on Aerobic Capacity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

  title={Sprint Interval Training Effects on Aerobic Capacity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis},
  author={Nicholas H. Gist and Michael V. Fedewa and Rod K. Dishman and Kirk J. Cureton},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
BackgroundSprint interval training (SIT) involving repeated 30-s “all out” efforts have resulted in significantly improved skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, maximal oxygen uptake, and endurance performance. The positive impact of SIT on cardiorespiratory fitness has far-reaching health implications.ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis to determine the effects of SIT on aerobic capacity.MethodsA search of the literature was… 

The Effect of a Sprint Interval and Resistance Training Program on Body Composition, Aerobic Fitness, and Self-regulation in Young Women

Background: Exercise has positive effects on overall health and reduces risk for several chronic diseases. Diverse program modalities are growing as a potential intervention to improve physiological

The Effects of Sprint Interval Training on Physical Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

It is shown that short-term SIT interventions are effective for developing small to moderate improvements in a range of physical performance outcomes across the aerobic to anaerobic spectrum, however, extensive small study effects suggests potential overestimation of reported effects.

The Effects of Sprint Interval vs. Continuous Endurance Training on Physiological And Metabolic Adaptations in Young Healthy Adults

The study results agree with the effectiveness of a 30 s all-out training program with a reduced time commitment for anthropometric, aerobic and anaerobic adaptation and eliminate doubts about its safety as a model.

A group-enhanced sprint interval training program for amateur athletes.

The true group experienced greater improvements in motivation than the individual condition, but the aggregate and individual conditions demonstrated greater increases in task and scheduling self-efficacy.

Sprint interval and moderate-intensity cycling training differentially affect adiposity and aerobic capacity in overweight young-adult women.

It is concluded that sprint-interval cycling reduces adiposity and increases aerobic capacity more than continuous moderate-intensity cycling of equal estimated energy expenditure in overweight/obese young women.

Sprint Interval Training Improves Aerobic and Anaerobic Power in Trained Female Futsal Players

Results indicate 4 weeks of sprint interval training program with low volume is associated with improvements in VO 2max, vVO 2max , VO 2 /HR, PPO, and MPO in trained female futsal players.

Effects of high-intensity interval training in men soccer player’s physical fitness: A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized-controlled and non-controlled trials

ABSTRACT This systematic review with meta-analysis (SRMA) was conducted to assess the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) programmes on men soccer players’ aerobic fitness (maximal

Effect of Number of Sprints in an SIT Session on Change in V˙O2max: A Meta-analysis

It is concluded that the improvement in V˙O2max with SIT is not attenuated with fewer sprint repetitions, and possibly even enhanced, which means that SIT protocols can be made more time efficient, which may help SIT to be developed into a viable strategy to impact public health.

Can Sprint Interval Training (SIT) Improve the Psychological and Physiological Health of Adolescents with SMI?

It is suggested that SIT can help protect and potentially improve multiple health indices in adolescents affected by serious mental illness and that an 8-week SIT intervention improved key physiological and psychological health indices.

Adaptations to sprint interval training and comparisons of gender response

It is concluded that males and females adapt positively to SIT, although gender differences in VO2max and changes to body fat were found.



Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humans.

It is concluded that short sprint interval training (approximately 15 min of intense exercise over 2 wk) increased muscle oxidative potential and doubled endurance capacity during intense aerobic cycling in recreationally active individuals.

Run sprint interval training improves aerobic performance but not maximal cardiac output.

Run SIT induces similar body composition, VO(2max), and performance adaptations as ET, but with no effect on Q(max), which suggests that adaptations with ET are of central origin primarily, whereas those with SIT are more peripheral.

Effects of sprint interval training on elite Judoists.

It is suggested that SIT program for elite Judoists would be effective to increase anaerobic power in a short period during off-season training.

Effect of short-term sprint interval training on human skeletal muscle carbohydrate metabolism during exercise and time-trial performance.

It is concluded that short-term SIT improved cycling TT performance and resulted in a closer matching of glycogenolytic flux and pyruvate oxidation during submaximal exercise.

Effect of training on lactate/ventilatory thresholds: a meta-analysis.

  • B. Londeree
  • Biology
    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 1997
It was concluded that training at an intensity near the lactate or ventilatory threshold is an adequate training stimulus for improving the thresholds for sedentary subjects, but a higher intensity may be necessary for conditioned subjects.

Short Duration High-Intensity Interval Training Improves Aerobic Conditioning of Female College Soccer Players

Performing HIIT as little as twice per week offers an adequate aerobic training stimulus at considerable time savings, and results in significant improvements in team VO2max values.

Similar metabolic adaptations during exercise after low volume sprint interval and traditional endurance training in humans

Given the markedly lower training volume in the SIT group, these data suggest that high‐intensity interval training is a time‐efficient strategy to increase skeletal muscle oxidative capacity and induce specific metabolic adaptations during exercise that are comparable to traditional ET.

Effect of interval versus continuous training on cardiorespiratory and mitochondrial functions: relationship to aerobic performance improvements in sedentary subjects.

  • F. DaussinJ. Zoll R. Richard
  • Biology
    American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology
  • 2008
Results suggest that fluctuations of workload and oxygen uptake during training sessions, rather than exercise duration or global energy expenditure, are key factors in improving muscle oxidative capacities and support the symmorphosis concept in sedentary subjects.

Sprint interval running increases insulin sensitivity in young healthy subjects

SIT improves insulin sensitivity and cholesterol profile in healthy subjects, and sprint interval running may be more effective to improve insulin sensitivity than continuous running at moderate intensity.