Spreading of the Ocean Floor: New Evidence

  title={Spreading of the Ocean Floor: New Evidence},
  author={Frederick John Vine},
  pages={1405 - 1415}
  • F. J. Vine
  • Published 16 December 1966
  • Geology
  • Science
It is suggested that the entire history of the ocean basins, in terms of oceanfloor spreading,is contained frozen in the oceanic crust. Variations in the intensity and polarity of Earth's magnetic field are considered to be recorded in the remanent magnetism of the igneous rocks as they solidified and cooled through the Curie temperature at the crest of an oceanic ridge, and subsequently spread away from it at a steady rate. The hypothesis is supported by the extreme linearity and continuity of… 
Elevation of ridges and evolution of the central Eastern Pacific.
An empirical relationship between ridge elevation and age of the oceanic crust is presented for the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans. This relationship is accounted for by the thermal contraction
The Evolution of the Indian Ocean since the Late Cretaceous
Summary All available ship and aeroplane tracks across the Indian Ocean were searched for identifiable magnetic anomalies and transform faults, and hence the age and direction of motion at the
Origin of short-wavelength magnetic lineations observed near the ocean bottom
Recent magnetometer measurements over the Mason-Raff type of magnetic anomalies made close to the ocean floor reveal anomalies of shorter wavelength and higher amplitude than are measured at the
Formation of Magnetic Anomaly Pattern of Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Summary Surveys of the crest of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and similar portions of the other mid-ocean ridges characteristically reveal a pattern of magnetic anomalies which have an elongation of about
Marine Magnetic Anomalies, Geomagnetic Field Reversals, and Motions of the Ocean Floor and
This paper summarizes the results of the three previous papers in this series, which have shown the presence of a pattern of magnetic anomalies, bilaterally symmetric about the crest of the ridge in
Magnetic Anomalies in the Indian Ocean and Sea-Floor Spreading Continents
A reconnaissance survey of the magnetic anomaly pattern over the Indian Ocean is interpreted in terms of the spreading floor hypothesis. The recent movements of the oceanic crustal blocks and of the
The Geophysics of the North Atlantic Basin
The areal extent of the North Atlantic basin has been studied in some detail with regard to its geology, physiography, and bottom structure. Since the early 1960’s, additional emphasis has been
The Northeast Pacific Ocean and Margin
The northeast Pacific Ocean floor and the adjacent continental margin has occupied a critical position in the development of plate tectonic theory. The magnetic surveys conducted from the USS Pioneer
Elevation of Mid-ocean Ridges and the Evolution of the South-west Indian Ridge
THE distinctive pattern of linear magnetic anomalies parallel to the crests of active spreading centres has been correlated with reversals in the Earth's magnetic field1 in a manner now universally


Tectonic fabric of the Atlantic and Indian oceans and continental drift
  • B. HeezenM. Tharp
  • Geology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1965
The floor of the Indian Ocean is dominated by (1) the seismically active Mid-Oceanic Ridge, (2) scattered linear micro-continents (mostly meridional), and (3) fracture zones (some displace the axis
A discussion concerning the floor of the northwest Indian Ocean - An area on the crest of the Carlsberg Ridge: petrology and magnetic survey
  • J. CannF. J. Vine
  • Geology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1966
A very crude and simple model is developed to account for the observed anomalies, consistent with an ocean floor spreading hypothesis and periodic reversals in the earth's magnetic field and provides a plausible explanation for the magnetic gradients and amplitudes observed over ridges.
As a result of the International Indian Ocean Expedition, the bottom of the Indian Ocean is now one of the best known areas of the ocean floor. The Mid-Indian Ocean Ridge, a rugged mountain range,
Magnetic Anomalies over Oceanic Ridges
Vine and Matthews1 suggest that the pattern of local magnetic anomalies on the flanks of a mid-oceanic ridge is strongly lineated parallel to the ridge, and that these magnetic ‘stripes’ represent
Transcurrent faulting in the ocean floor
Displacements along strike slip faults in the ocean floor are measured by fitting magnetic anomaly patterns. In the northeastern Pacific Ocean the combined left lateral displacement of 1400 km across
A New Class of Faults and their Bearing on Continental Drift
T and half-shears. Many geologists1 have maintained that movements of the Earth's crust are concentrated in mobile belts, which may take the form of mountains, mid-ocean ridges or major faults with
Paleomagnetic Study of Antarctic Deep-Sea Cores
It is concluded that paleomagnetic stratigraphy is a unique method for correlating and dating deep sea cores, and that future work with such cores may provide a complete or nearly complete record of the history of the earth's magnetic field beyond 4 million years.
The Magnetic Properties of some Submarine Oceanic Lavas
Summary The magnetic properties of a collection of submarine oceanic lavas have been examined and the results compared with those for reference collections of petrologically similar continental
Geomagnetic Polarity Epochs: A New Polarity Event and the Age of the Brunhes-Matuyama Boundary
Recent paleomagnetic-radiometric data from six rhyolite domes in the Valles Caldera, New Mexico, indicate that the last change in polarity of the earth's magnetic field from reversed to normal occurred at about 0.7 million years ago.
A Mid-Labrador Sea Ridge
J. T. WILSON1 has recently speculated on the presence of a median ridge extending through the Labrador Sea and up Baffin Bay. He suggested that its presence had not been noted because of insufficient