Spreading antibiotic resistance through spread manure: characteristics of a novel plasmid type with low %G+C content.

@article{Heuer2009SpreadingAR,
  title={Spreading antibiotic resistance through spread manure: characteristics of a novel plasmid type with low %G+C content.},
  author={Holger Heuer and Christoph Kopmann and Chu Thi Thanh Binh and Eva M Top and Kornelia Smalla},
  journal={Environmental microbiology},
  year={2009},
  volume={11 4},
  pages={937-49}
}
Bioactive amounts of antibiotics as well as resistant bacteria reach the soil through manure fertilization. We investigated plasmids that may stimulate the environmental spread and interspecies transfer of antibiotic resistance. After treatment of two soils with manure, either with or without the sulfonamide antibiotic sulfadiazine, a significant increase in copies of the sulfonamide resistance gene sul2 was detected by qPCR. All sul2 carrying plasmids, captured in Escherichia coli from soil… CONTINUE READING

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