Spreading Dead Zones and Consequences for Marine Ecosystems

  title={Spreading Dead Zones and Consequences for Marine Ecosystems},
  author={Robert J. D{\'i}az and Rutger Rosenberg},
  pages={926 - 929}
Dead zones in the coastal oceans have spread exponentially since the 1960s and have serious consequences for ecosystem functioning. The formation of dead zones has been exacerbated by the increase in primary production and consequent worldwide coastal eutrophication fueled by riverine runoff of fertilizers and the burning of fossil fuels. Enhanced primary production results in an accumulation of particulate organic matter, which encourages microbial activity and the consumption of dissolved… 
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