Spread of Measles Virus D4-Hamburg, Europe, 2008–2011

  title={Spread of Measles Virus D4-Hamburg, Europe, 2008–2011},
  author={Annette Mankertz and Zefira Mihneva and Hermann Gold and Sigrid Baumgarte and Armin Baillot and Rudolph Helble and Hedwig Roggendorf and Golubinka Bosevska and Jasminka Nedeljkovi{\'c} and Agata Mak{\'o}wka and Veronik Hutse and Heidemarie Holzmann and Stefan W. Aberle and Samuel Cordey and Gheorghe Necula and Andreas Mentis and Gulay Korukluoğlu and Michael Carr and Kevin E. Brown and Judith M. H{\"u}bschen and Claude P. Muller and Mick N. Mulders and Sabine Santibanez},
  booktitle={Emerging infectious diseases},
A new strain of measles virus, D4-Hamburg, was imported from London to Hamburg in December 2008 and subsequently spread to Bulgaria, where an outbreak of >24,300 cases was observed. We analyzed spread of the virus to demonstrate the importance of addressing hard-to-reach communities within the World Health Organization European Region regarding access to medical care and vaccination campaigns. The D4-Hamburg strain appeared during 2009-2011 in Poland, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Austria, Greece… CONTINUE READING