Spousal Breadwinning Across 30 Years of Marriage and Husbands’ Health: A Gendered Life Course Stress Approach

  title={Spousal Breadwinning Across 30 Years of Marriage and Husbands’ Health: A Gendered Life Course Stress Approach},
  author={Kristen W. Springer and Chioun Lee and Deborah Carr},
  journal={Journal of Aging and Health},
  pages={37 - 66}
Objective: Wives increasingly outearn their husbands, and gender relations theory suggests this arrangement may undermine men’s well-being. We explore how long-term histories of spousal breadwinning may be associated with older men’s self-rated mental and physical health, and risk of nine health diagnoses. Method: Using 30 years of couple-level income data from the Health and Retirement Study (n = 1,095 couples), we use latent class analyses to identify six classes that differ with respect to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Spousal Relative Income and Male Psychological Distress

  • Joanna Syrda
  • Psychology, Economics
    Personality & social psychology bulletin
  • 2019
Predicting male psychological distress reaches a minimum at a point where wives make 40% of total household income and proceeds to increase, to reach highest level when men are entirely economically dependent on their wives.

Men's Economic Dependency, Gender Ideology, and Stress at Midlife.

Objective This study investigates the association between men's economic dependency during midlife and allostatic load, an indicator of chronic stress, and how this relationship varies with men's

Life satisfaction among older adults in urban China: does gender interact with pensions, social support and self-care ability?

Abstract In urban China, the social welfare system and the family structure have changed dramatically, while gender norms are still deep-rooted, particularly among older adults. Under this social,

Social Cost and Health: The Downside of Social Relationships and Social Networks

This article selectively reviews the post-2000 studies that demonstrate the harmful physical and mental health consequences of social relationships (intimate relationships and parenthood) and social networks and proposes the social cost model, in contrast to the social resource model, to synthesize and integrate the adverse aspects of these properties.

To Provide or Protect? Masculinity, Economic Precarity, and Protective Gun Ownership in the United States

Protection is now the modal motivation for gun ownership, and men continue to outnumber women among gun owners. While research has linked economic precarity (e.g., insecurity and anxiety) to gun

Widowed status predicts poor overall survival of Chinese patients with prostate cancer

It is demonstrated that widowed status greatly affects the OS of Chinese PCa patients, highlighting the importance of psychological intervention, especially for widowed ChinesePCa patients.



Economic Dependence in Marriage and Husbands’ Midlife Health

Prior research suggests that midlife husbands have worse health when they earn less than their wives; however, the mechanism(s) for this relationship have not been evaluated. In this study, the

In Sickness and in Wealth

It is shown that men outearned by their wives are more likely to use erectile dysfunction medication than their male breadwinner counterparts, even when this inequality is small, and that social norms play important roles in dictating how individuals respond to upward social comparisons.

Kin keepers and good providers: Influence of gender socialization on well-being among USA birth cohorts

In the latest born cohorts, not just androgynous, but opposite influences predominated as men and women demonstrated less evidence of traditional socialization shaping their satisfaction with achievements and psychological well-being.

The Psychological Consequences of Midlife Men's Social Comparisons with Their Young Adult Sons.

I examine how midlife men (N = 542) compare their work and family lives with those of their young adult sons, and how these comparisons affect the fathers' self-evaluations. Analyses are based on

The psychological consequences of work-family trade-offs for three cohorts of men and women

This research investigates (1) the extent to which work-family trade-offs affect men's and women's self-acceptance and their evaluations of their work opportunities, and (2) whether and how these

“Macho Men” and Preventive Health Care

The results show that men with strong masculinity beliefs are half as likely as men with more moderate masculinity beliefs to receive preventive care, and in contrast to the well-established SES gradient in health, men withStrong masculinity beliefs do not benefit from higher education and their probability of obtaining preventive health care decreases as their occupational status, wealth, and/or income increases.

Her Support, His Support: Money, Masculinity, and Marital Infidelity

Recent years have seen great interest in the relationship between relative earnings and marital outcomes. Using data from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, I examine the effect of

Opting Out and Leaning In: The Life Course Employment Profiles of Early Baby Boom Women in the United States

A group-based trajectory analysis of the employment trajectories of early Baby Boom women in the United States from ages 20 to 54 reveals a high degree of complexity in women’s lifetime working patterns, highlighting the need to understand women's labor supply as a fluid process.

Measuring the effect of husband's health on wife's labor supply.

It is argued that, if the authors control for husband's earnings, the coefficient of husband's health in models of his wife's labor force participation (and hours of work) will reflect, in part, her preference over whether to decrease her labor supply to provide health care for her husband or whether to instead increase it to purchase this care in the market.

For Women, Breadwinning Can Be Dangerous: Gendered Resource Theory and Wife Abuse

To explain wife abuse, we offer a refinement of relative resource theory, gendered resource theory, which argues that the effect of relative resources is contingent upon husbands’ gender ideologies.