Growing participation of children in sports has resulted in an increased incidence of sports injuries. Although methodological differences in epidemiologic studies largely prevent precise comparisons, it appears that young athletes participating in combat and contact sports seem to be more prone to injuries. Knee and ankle injuries are the most commonly encountered problems and chronic events are more prevalent than acute ones. The occurrence of athletic injuries is multifactorial and may present differences with respect to sex and the sports branch involved. An analytical approach of all relevant groups (parents, coaches, physical education teachers, health personnel) is necessary to understand, treat, and prevent athletic injuries in children.