Sporadic ALS/MND: a global neurodegeneration with retroviral involvement?


Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis may be an aetiologically heterogenous disease. We confirmed elevated circulating IgG immune complexes, and altered IgG seroreactivities against human retroviral antigens (HIV-2 and HTLV immunoblots) in overlapping subgroups of patients. Together with preliminary findings of a positive polymerase chain reactivity for human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV.tax/rex) in blood leukocytes of 5 out of 14 sALS patients, we interpret this as evidence for a retroviral involvement in this relentlessly progressive, often asymmetrically spreading neurodegeneration. The possibility of a secondary phenomenon seems unlikely, yet cannot be completely ruled out.

Citations per Year

84 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 84 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Westarp1995SporadicAA, title={Sporadic ALS/MND: a global neurodegeneration with retroviral involvement?}, author={M. E. Westarp and Pasquale Ferrante and Herv{\'e} Perron and Peter Bartmann and Hans Helmut Kornhuber}, journal={Journal of the neurological sciences}, year={1995}, volume={129 Suppl}, pages={145-7} }