Central serous chorioretinopathy: Recent findings and new physiopathology hypothesis
Dome-shaped macula (DSM) was described by Gaucher et al as a convex protrusion of macula within a staphyloma in highly myopic eyes that causes visual impairment associated with serous foveal detachment (SFD). We describe a patient with spontaneous resolution of SFD in DSM documented by serial spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). A 28-year-old female Japanese patient presented with blurred vision in both eyes. Upon examination, her best-corrected visual acuity was 1.2 with -8.0 sphere and 0.5 with -8.0 sphere in the right and left eyes, respectively. SD-OCT in both eyes showed an anterior bulge of the macula with SFD. The diagnosis of DSM with SFD was made on the basis of characteristic findings. Three months later, the patient achieved spontaneous resolution of SFD without treatment. One month later, there was an occurrence of SFD in the right eye, but the SFD had disappeared in 1 month. In our case, her visual impairment was proven to be a consequence of SFD in relation to DSM. SD-OCT was useful for the detection and follow-up of SFD in DSM.