Spontaneous pneumothorax

@article{Bintcliffe2014SpontaneousP,
  title={Spontaneous pneumothorax},
  author={Oliver J Bintcliffe and Nick A Maskell},
  journal={BMJ : British Medical Journal},
  year={2014},
  volume={348}
}
Pneumothorax describes the presence of gas within the pleural space, between the lung and the chest wall. It remains a globally important health problem, with considerable associated morbidity and healthcare costs. Without prompt management pneumothorax can, occasionally, be fatal. Current research may in the future lead to more patients receiving ambulatory outpatient management. This review explores the epidemiology and causes of pneumothorax and discusses diagnosis, evidence basedmanagement… 
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References

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Management of spontaneous pneumothorax: British Thoracic Society pleural disease guideline 2010
TLDR
Small airways obstruction, mediated by an influx of inflammatory cells, often characterises pneumothorax and may become manifest in the smaller airways at an earlier stage with ‘emphysema-like changes’ (ELCs).
Ambulatory treatment in the management of pneumothorax: a systematic review of the literature
TLDR
The use of HV in such circumstances may have benefits for patient comfort, mobility and avoidance of hospital admission, with comparable outcomes to current practice.
Recurrence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax.
TLDR
Analysis of several potential risk factors revealed that recurrence was not related to the BMI of the patient, the initial treatment of the pneumothorax, nor to its size, but was more common in taller men and in women.
Catamenial pneumothorax: a prospective study.
TLDR
Diaphragmatic abnormalities seem to play a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of spontaneous pneumothorax among women referred for surgical treatment and to study its pathogenic mechanisms.
Management of spontaneous pneumothorax: an American College of Chest Physicians Delphi consensus statement.
TLDR
The use of opinion was made explicit by employing a structured questionnaire, appropriateness scores, and consensus scores with a Delphi technique to be relevant to physicians who make management decisions for the care of patients with pneumothorax.
Factors related to recurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax
Objectives:  The purpose of this retrospective study was to identify factors associated with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) in southern China, and to compare the therapeutic effectiveness of
Oxygen Therapy for Spontaneous Pneumothorax
TLDR
The rate of absorption of gas from a pneumothorax was studied in 12 patients Breathing air and in 10 patients breathing air and a high concentration of oxygen alternately, and the mean rate of absorbed gas increased fourfold during periods of oxygen therapy.
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