Spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistulas: clinical, radiological, and therapeutic considerations. Experience with 20 cases.

@article{Viuela1984SpontaneousCF,
  title={Spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistulas: clinical, radiological, and therapeutic considerations. Experience with 20 cases.},
  author={F V Vi{\~n}uela and Allan J. Fox and Gerard M Debrun and S. J. Peerless and Charles G. Drake},
  journal={Journal of neurosurgery},
  year={1984},
  volume={60 5},
  pages={976-84}
}
Sixty-five carotid-cavernous fistulas were studied at University Hospital, London, Canada, from 1978 to 1982, 20 of which fulfilled the clinical and angiographic criteria of a spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula. Of these 20 fistulas, 17 were unilateral, and three were bilateral. In 18 cases the angiographic findings were typical of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), and in two a ruptured giant intracavernous aneurysm was found. These patients were treated according to whether they had a… CONTINUE READING

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In 18 cases the angiographic findings were typical of an arteriovenous malformation ( AVM ) , and in two a ruptured giant intracavernous aneurysm was found .
Sixty - five carotid - cavernous fistulas were studied at University Hospital , London , Canada , from 1978 to 1982 , 20 of which fulfilled the clinical and angiographic criteria of a spontaneous carotid - cavernous fistula .
Sixty - five carotid - cavernous fistulas were studied at University Hospital , London , Canada , from 1978 to 1982 , 20 of which fulfilled the clinical and angiographic criteria of a spontaneous carotid - cavernous fistula .
Sixty - five carotid - cavernous fistulas were studied at University Hospital , London , Canada , from 1978 to 1982 , 20 of which fulfilled the clinical and angiographic criteria of a spontaneous carotid - cavernous fistula .
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