Sponsors, Communities, and Standards: Ethernet vs. Token Ring in the Local Area Networking Business

  title={Sponsors, Communities, and Standards: Ethernet vs. Token Ring in the Local Area Networking Business},
  author={Urs von Burg and Martin Kenney},
  journal={Industry and Innovation},
  pages={351 - 375}
The discipline of economics has treated technological standards creation as an outcome of network externalities and decisions on the demand side. They pay little attention to the supply side, where firms make strategic choices as to which standard to support. These choices can ignite a contest between adherents to the different proposed standards. This case study examines the contest between the Ethernet and Token Ring standards for local area networking. IBM sponsored Token Ring, but then made… Expand
Network patterns and competitive advantage before the emergence of a dominant design
This study examines the performance implications of the alliance networks of 49 firms that competed for two technology standards in the U.S. local area network industry from 1989 to 1996. During theExpand
Standard development by committees and communities: a comparative case study of IEEE1394 and USB
This exploratory research suggests that standardisation community equipped with the principles of informality, leaders’ commitments and reciprocity rule could facilitate speedy decision making to cope with technological changes, effectively reflect users’ interests and successfully support knowledge creation and sharing in the diffusion process. Expand
Ethernet POWERLINK drivrutin för Proview
This thesis documents the implementation of the interface between the Powerlink stack and Proview and covers how a generic slave can be created, configured and function satisfactorily in a Powerlink network. Expand
Automotive Ethernet by Kirsten Matheus
This is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of Automotive Ethernet, covering electromagnetic requirements and Physical Layer technologies, Quality of Service, the use of VLANs, IP, and Service Discovery, as well as network architecture and testing. Expand
International Standardization of the New Technology Paradigm: A Strategy for Royalty-Free Intellectual Property
Since the establishment of the World Trade Organization in 1995, international standardization of intellectual property (IP) has become more important as multinational enterprise form theirExpand
Why is "Ether" in Ethernet?
An interpretive analysis of discourse by physicists in the mid- to late 19th century and electrical engineers in the mid- to late 20th century identifies cognitive and normative dimensions of theExpand
Should buyers try to shape IT-markets through non-market (collective) action?: antecedents of a transaction cost theory of network effects
This paper develops a transaction cost theoretic model of network effects and applies it to assessing the chances of user groups to influence the range of technological choices available on theExpand
Antecedents of a Transaction Cost Theory of Vertical IS Standardization Processes
A transaction cost‐theoretic model of standardization processes in the context of the development of vertical IS standards is developed and its merits and limitations are discussed. Expand
How Coopetition Influences the Development of a Dominant Design: Evidence from the Pinball Industry
Most studies concerning dominant designs focus on ‘collective’ or ‘competitive’ strategies that companies deploy to impose their choices on the market. The objective of this research is to assess theExpand
Lost Opportunity Why Has Dominant Design Failed to Emerge for the Mobile Payment Services Market in Finland?
  • T. Dahlberg, M. Huurros, A. Ainamo
  • Economics, Computer Science
  • Proceedings of the 41st Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2008)
  • 2008
A multidisciplinary framework is developed to answer why a dominant design has not emerged for this payment services market in Finland, despite dozens of efforts and continuous user interest even when necessary technologies, competencies, attitudes, regulation and opportunities have existed. Expand


The Development of The Local Area Network Market As Determined By User Needs
Events in the Local Area Network (LAN) market are used to illuminate recent developments in the economics of technical standards. Several analytical themes emerge: the role of complementarities inExpand
The Triumph of Ethernet: Technological Communities and the Battle for the LAN Standard
List of tables and figures Preface Acknowledgments List of abbreviations Introduction 1. Technological communities and open standards 2. The invention of the LAN 3. Pioneers: the beginning ofExpand
Beating the Clocks: Corporate Responses to Rapid Change in the PC Industry
Competition in the personal computer industry is predicated upon the careful management of logistics, particularly those aspects concerned with time. This is due to the need to mitigate theExpand
Systems Competition and Network Effects
This paper discusses firm behavior, market performance, and the public and private institutions that arise in systems markets, i.e., markets where consumers use compatible components together toExpand
Territories of Profit: Communications, Capitalist Development, and the Innovative Enterprises of G. F. Swift and Dell Computer
Table of Contents for Territories of Profit 1. Introduction: Communications and Innovation, Business Organization and Territory Part 1. Theory 2. From Communications and Innovation to BusinessExpand
Local-Area Subnetworks: A Performance Comparison
  • W. Bux
  • Computer Science
  • IEEE Trans. Commun.
  • 1981
A comparative evaluation of the performance of ring and bus systems constituting subnetworks of local-area networks, based on analytic models which describe the various topologies and access mechanisms to a sufficient level of detail. Expand
The Coevolution of Community Networks and Technology: Lessons from the Flight Simulation Industry
How interorganizational net-works coevolve with technology in the modern flight simulation industry is explored, and it is argued that varying levels of technological uncertainty engender fundamentally different modes of network evolution: social construction during eras of ferment, and technological determinism During eras of incremental change. Expand
Innovation, Competition, and Industry Structure
Why some firms die while others survive? Survival has long been recognized as a basic goal for a manufacturing firm. At least in the long term, survival should be related to various measures ofExpand
Technology Adoption in the Presence of Network Externalities
We analyze technology adoption in industries where network externalities are significant. The pattern of adoption depends on whether technologies are sponsored. A sponsor is an entity that hasExpand
Competing Technologies , Increasing Returns , and Lock-In by Historical Events
Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may useExpand