Sponge-mediated coral reef growth and rejuvenation

  title={Sponge-mediated coral reef growth and rejuvenation},
  author={Janie L. Wulff},
  journal={Coral Reefs},
  • J. Wulff
  • Published 1 November 1984
  • Environmental Science
  • Coral Reefs
Sponges mediate consolidation of Porites furcata rubble on shallow Caribbean reefs by quickly adhering to rubble and stabilizing it until carbonate secreting organisms can grow and consolidate it to the reef. Experimental investigations demonstrate that the entire cycle from (1) temporary binding of rubble by sponges, through (2) rubble consolidation by encrusting coralline algae, to (3) colonization of consolidated rubble by corals, can be completed within 10 months. Bound rubble both adds to… 

Harnessing Natural Recovery Processes to Improve Restoration Outcomes: An Experimental Assessment of Sponge-Mediated Coral Reef Restoration

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Storm-mediated coral colonization by an excavating Caribbean sponge

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Substrate stabilisation and small structures in coral restoration: State of knowledge, and considerations for management and implementation

This review synthesises available knowledge about the ecological role of coral rubble, natural coral recolonisation and recovery rates and the potential benefits and risks associated with active interventions in this rapidly evolving field with a focus on the Great Barrier Reef.


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The biology and ecology of coral rubble and implications for the future of coral reefs

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Sponge Contributions to the Geology and Biology of Reefs: Past, Present, and Future

Histories of sponges and reefs have been intertwined from the beginning. Paleozoic and Mesozoic sponges generated solid building blocks, and constructed reefs in collaboration with microbes and other


Although certain sponges appear to benefit from the rapid deterioration of coral reefs currently under way in numerous locations as a result of habitat destruction, pollution, water warming, and overexploitation, sponge communities too will die off as soon as their substrates disappear under the forces of bioerosion and water dynamics.



Do sponges help hold coral reefs together?

The growth and form of coral reefs is the result of a complex balance between rates of carbonate accretion and carbonate loss. Reef organisms have traditionally been classified, with respect to their

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As many as 500 species of sponges are estimated to occur in Caribbean reef habitats down to a depth of 120 m. Fully 90% of these belong to the Class Demospongiae, the rest are species of the Classes

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The sponge, Mycale laevis, when encrusting the lower surfaces of flattened reef corals, induces marked peripheral folding of the host colonies. This relationship, though facultative, has advantages

Effects of algal grazing and aggressive behaviour of the fishes Pomacentrus lividus and Acanthurus sohal on coral-reef ecology

Aggressive behaviour of the fishes Pomacentrus lividus Bl. Schn. and Acanthurus sohal Forskal from the Red Sea is briefly described, and its effect on intensity of algal grazing by herbivorous fish

Distribution of Submarine Cements in a Modern Caribbean Fringing Reef, Galeta Point, Panama

ABSTRACT Petrographic characteristics and distribution of submarine cements vary considerably throughout a section of a modern reef off Galeta Point, Panama, as disclosed by cores from thirteen drill

Some Physical and Biological Determinants of Coral Community Structure in the Eastern Pacific

Various physical and biological factors affecting coral community structure were investigated by direct observation and periodic censusing on three coral reefs off the Pacific coast of Panama from 1970 to 1975, finding that competition, predation, bioturbation, and mutualism assume an increasing influence on community structure in deeper and more diverse reef assemblages.

Escalating herbivory and resulting adaptive trends in calcareous algal crusts

Four anatomical characters unique to corallines may have aided their rapid expansion into shallow reef environments and allowed them to withstand the more intense levels of grazing that evolved.

Facies and Fabric Specificity of Early Subsea Cements in Shallow Belize (British Honduras) Reefs

ABSTRACT Early subsea cement and cemented sediment are restricted to marginal facies of shallow Belize barrier and atoll reefs. In these facies cementation is not ubiquitous, but is sporadic within

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ABSTRACT The composition and microstructure of widespread subtidal biological mats binding sandy carbonate sediments in the Rock Harbour Cays vicinity of Little Bahama Bank were examined in detail;

The Trapping and Binding of Subtidal Carbonate Sediments by Marine Vegetation in Bimini Lagoon, Bahamas

ABSTRACT In the shallow water lagoon of Bimini, Bahamas, the following plants are sufficiently abundant to influence sedimentation locally.--mangroves (Rhizophora mangle), marine grass (Thalassia