Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: What the primary care provider should know

@article{Metzger2014SpondylolysisAS,
  title={Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: What the primary care provider should know},
  author={Robert L Metzger and Susan E Chaney},
  journal={Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners},
  year={2014},
  volume={26},
  pages={5–12}
}
Purpose: To provide nurse practitioners (NPs) with an overview of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis, including the pathophysiology and etiology, incidence and prevalence, clinical presentation, diagnosis and differentials, management, and prognosis for these conditions. Data sources: Selected research, reviews, and clinical articles, and the authors' experience. Conclusions: Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are two common and confusing diagnoses identified by healthcare providers in the… 
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Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: What the primary care provider should know
TLDR
NPs can distinguish these diagnoses and perform appropriate conservative management prior to referral to specialists for surgical evaluation, and Implications for practice are important.
Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis: Prevalence of Different Forms of Instability and Clinical Implications
TLDR
All 3 described forms of instability are common in spondylolysis or isthmic sponylolisthesis and associated with radicular pain, and this finding stresses the value of positional MRI in the evaluation of patients with spondylonolysis and isthic spondyolytic cleft, especially if radicular symptoms are present.
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