BACKGROUND TF is highly expressed in cancerous and atherosclerotic lesions. Monocyte recruitment is a hallmark of disease progression in these pathological states. OBJECTIVE To examine the role of integrin signaling in TF-dependent recruitment of monocytes by endothelial cells. METHODS The expression of flTF and asTF in cervical cancer and atherosclerotic lesions was examined. Biologic effects of the exposure of primary microvascular endothelial cells (MVEC) to truncated flTF ectodomain (LZ-TF) and recombinant asTF were assessed. RESULTS flTF and asTF exhibited nearly identical expression patterns in cancer lesions and lipid-rich plaques. Tumor lesions, as well as stromal CD68(+) monocytes/macrophages, expressed both TF forms. Primary MVEC rapidly adhered to asTF and LZ-TF, and this was completely blocked by anti-β1 integrin antibody. asTF- and LZ-TF-treatment of MVEC promoted adhesion of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) under orbital shear conditions and under laminar flow; asTF-elicited adhesion was more pronounced than that elicited by LZ-TF. Expression profiling and western blotting revealed a broad activation of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) in MVEC following asTF treatment including E-selectin, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. In transwell assays, asTF potentiated PMBC migration through MVEC monolayers by ∼3-fold under MCP-1 gradient. CONCLUSIONS TF splice variants ligate β1 integrins on MVEC, which induces the expression of CAMs in MVEC and leads to monocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration. asTF appears more potent than flTF in eliciting these effects. Our findings underscore the pathophysiologic significance of non-proteolytic, integrin-mediated signaling by the two naturally occurring TF variants in cancer and atherosclerosis.