Spirituality and the 12 Steps of Substance Abuse Recovery

@article{Borman1998SpiritualityAT,
  title={Spirituality and the 12 Steps of Substance Abuse Recovery},
  author={Patricia D. Borman and David N. Dixon},
  journal={Journal of Psychology and Theology},
  year={1998},
  volume={26},
  pages={287 - 291}
}
Numerous treatment modalities incorporate spirituality as an important part of treatment. The 12-step program is one such program which claims to enhance one's spirituality, yet empirical support is limited. This preliminary study compared clients in 12-step outpatient programs to clients in non-12-step outpatient programs to assess the programs’ impact on spirituality. From scores on the Spiritual Well-Being Scale, no significant differences between 12-step programs and non-12-step programs… 
Client Spirituality and Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes
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It was found that as purpose in life increased, Blacks were more likely to achieve sobriety than Whites, and religiousness and spirituality as strengths in the African American community may account in part for equivalent outcomes.
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