Spirituality: description, measurement, and relation to the five factor model of personality.

  title={Spirituality: description, measurement, and relation to the five factor model of personality.},
  author={Douglas A. MacDonald},
  journal={Journal of personality},
  volume={68 1},
  • D. MacDonald
  • Published 1 February 2000
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality
The present article focused on the development and measurement of a factor model of the expressions of spirituality. Study 1 (N = 534) involved the use of factor analysis to examine the latent factor structure in a sample of 11 measures of spiritual constructs. Study 2 (N = 938) focused on the replication of Study 1 results and on the construction and initial validation of an instrument to operationalize the factor model of spirituality. Results indicate that at least 5 robust dimensions of… 
Psychometric examination of a Brazilian adaptation of the Expressions of Spirituality Inventory - Revised
Using a sample of 493 adults, the present investigation examined the psychometric properties of a Brazilian adaptation of the Expressions of Spirituality InventoryRevised (ESI-R; MacDonald 2000a), a
Boundaries of spirituality - the second perspective - Spiritual Sphere Questionnaire
Studying the human spiritual sphere presents numerous methodological problems. So far, it has been much easier to study religiousness, which has more unambiguous documented behavioral indicators.
Empirical Identification of Dimensions of Religiousness and Spirituality
Numerous measures of Religiousness and Spirituality (R/S) exist, but the number and type of dimensions represented by these measures remain unclear. We used exploratory and confirmatory analyses in
The empirical and conceptual value of the spiritual transcendence and religious involvement scales for personality research.
Despite their wide usage, the constructs of spirituality and religiosity have no universally accepted definitions, and very little research has examined how these numinous constructs relate both to
Current study initially adapted the Spiritual Meaning Scale (SMS) and the Expressions of Spirituality Inventory (ESI) into Turkish and consequently relationships among different dimensions of
Exploring the Role of Spirituality in the Context of the Five Factor Model of Personality in a South African Sample
The study explored the relationship between the Five Factor Model of personality and spirituality by using the NEO PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and the Spiritual Transcendence Scale (STS) (Piedmont,
The development of a scale to measure the experience of spiritual connection and the correlation between this experience and values
Previous research shows religiosity (across several religions) is associated with conservative values (tradition, conformity and security) from the Schwartz value scale and not with spiritually
Validation of the Hungarian version of the short form of Spiritual Connection Questionnaire (SCQ-14)
Background: Spirituality is a human specific phenomenon associated with positive mental and physical health outcomes. From a scientific point of view, it is a complex construct which can be
Spirituality as a Scientific Construct: Testing Its Universality across Cultures and Languages
Investigation of the factorial reliability, validity and structural/measurement invariance of a 30-item version of Expressions of Spirituality Inventory found that the ESI-R may be viewed as structurally invariant, but measurement invariance was not supported.
Spirituality with and without Religion—Differential Relationships with Personality
This study contributes to the exploration of self-rated spirituality by anchoring self-ratings of spirituality and religiosity in an integrative model of personality. For the measurement of