Spiritual features of war-related moral injury: A primer for clinicians.

  title={Spiritual features of war-related moral injury: A primer for clinicians.},
  author={J. Wortmann and Ethan Eisen and C. Hundert and A. Jordan and Mark W. Smith and W. Nash and B. Litz},
  journal={Spirituality in Clinical Practice},
Warzone experiences that violate deeply held moral beliefs and expectations may lead to moral injury and associated spiritual distress (Litz et al., 2009). Helping morally injured war veterans who are grappling with spiritual or religious issues is part of multicultural competence (Vieten et al., 2013) and falls within the scope of practice of mental health clinicians. Moreover, practicing clinicians report that they lack adequate knowledge of the diverse spiritual and religious backgrounds of… Expand

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