Spirit or Fleeting Apparition? Why Spirituality’s Link with Social Support Might Be Incrementally Invalid

  title={Spirit or Fleeting Apparition? Why Spirituality’s Link with Social Support Might Be Incrementally Invalid},
  author={James Benjamin Schuurmans-Stekhoven},
  journal={Journal of Religion and Health},
Previously published path models apparently confirm the belief-as-benefit perspective that spirituality boosts well-being via social support. The broad acceptance of such findings has motivated recommendations that clinical psychologists and psychiatrists routinely assess their patients’ spiritual status. Skeptics retort that past findings are statistically confounded and that numinous beliefs and well-being are unrelated. A multivariate regression analysis testing whether spirituality explains… 
Ritual well-being: toward a social signaling model of religion and mental health
ABSTRACT Religion is positively correlated with subjective well-being across a variety of contexts, but convincing causal models are lacking. Some researchers have suggested that religion may boost
Conviction, character and coping: religiosity and personality are both uniquely associated with optimism and positive reappraising
ABSTRACT Optimism and positive reappraising seemingly mediate religiosity’s association with well-being. Yet past studies linking religiosity and cognitive coping typically use a bivariate design;
Credit Where Credit Is Due
A belief-as-benefit effect (BABE)—the positive association between well-being and religiosity/spirituality—is recurrently reported. Past BABE research has however been critiqued for predominantly
Religion and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Positive Emotions
Research has consistently shown that endorsing a religion or spirituality is to some extent related to one’s well-being. Common studied explanations tap into the social and cognitive aspects of
Religiosity and health among Chinese older adults: a meta-analytic review
Abstract The ageing population has been rapidly growing over recent years. Theoretically, religion seemingly plays an important role in improving older people's health. This study examines whether
Ritual and the logic of self-regulation: response to commentators
I would like to thank the commentators for their useful critiques and suggestions. There is a great deal of ground to cover in a short space, so I will plunge immediately into what I consider the
Drop-the-p: Bayesian CFA of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support in Australia
The MSPSS demonstrated good psychometric properties and excellent reliability in a large Australian sample and can be applied in national surveys and provide evidence of the role of social support in the Australian population.
The Relationship Between Trust-in-God, Positive and Negative Affect, and Hope
The results of a series of hierarchical regression analyses indicated that Trust-in-God was positively associated with participants’ scores for hope and positive affect but was negatively associated with their scores for negative affect.
Are we, like sheep, going astray: is costly signaling (or any other mechanism) necessary to explain the belief-as-benefit effect?
The ties that bind us: Ritual, fusion, and identification is a chapter in Current Anthropology, 55(6), 674–695.


"Moved by the spirit": does spirituality moderate the interrelationships between subjective well-being subscales?
The findings suggest the interrelationship between the subscales rather than the level of SWB varies systematically with spirituality and casts considerable doubt on the previously reported "belief-as-benefit" effect.
Is God's call more than audible? A preliminary exploration using a two‐dimensional model of theistic/spiritual beliefs and experiences
Abstract Among spiritual individuals, auditory hallucinations (AHs) are often accompanied by positive affectivity (PA) suggesting that such coincidental affective valence might gainfully demark
“As a Shepherd Divideth his Sheep from the Goats”: Does the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale Encapsulate Separable Theistic and Civility Components?
Numerous studies suggest spirituality and subjective well-being (SWB) are positively associated. However, critics argue that popular spirituality instruments—including the Daily Spiritual Experiences
Does religious belief promote prosociality? A critical examination.
  • L. Galen
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 2012
Factors necessitate a revision of the religious prosociality hypothesis and suggest that future research should incorporate more stringent controls in order to reach less ambiguous conclusions.
Is it God or Just the Data that Moves in Mysterious Ways? How Well-Being Research may be Mistaking Faith for Virtue
Opinion is mixed regarding the link between spiritual faith-based beliefs (SFBBs) and psychological well-being—however, most published field studies suggest a positive link. Controlled experiments
The Link Between Religion and Spirituality and Psychological Adjustment: The Mediating Role of Optimism and Social Support
Investigation of whether optimism and social support mediated the relationship between religiousness and adjustment (distress and life satisfaction) and between spirituality and adjustment suggested religiouss and spirituality are related but distinct constructs and are associated with adjustment through factors such as social support and optimism.
Does social support mediate the moderating effect of intrinsic religiosity on the relationship between physical health and depressive symptoms among Jews?
Results indicated that the relationship between physical health and depression was moderated by intrinsic religiosity in the sample as a whole, and this effect was mediated by social support among non-Orthodox Jews, but not among the Orthodox.
Prosocial Behavior and Religion: New Evidence Based on Projective Measures and Peer Ratings
An important discrepancy seems to exist between self-reports and laboratory studies regarding prosociality among religious people. Some have even suggested that this involves moral hypocrisy on the
Psychological and Social Characteristics Associated with Religiosity in Women’s Health Initiative Participants
Cross-sectional data from 92,539 postmenopausal participants of the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study who responded to questions on religious service attendance, psychological characteristics, and social support domains are examined, suggesting links to health outcomes and mediating effects of associated psychological and social factors.