Spirit Possession and Exorcism in the Treatment of a Bedouin Psychiatric Patient

  title={Spirit Possession and Exorcism in the Treatment of a Bedouin Psychiatric Patient},
  author={Alean Al-Krenawi and John R . Graham},
  journal={Clinical Social Work Journal},
A male Bedouin psychiatric patient was initially misdiagnosed and treated as a paranoid schizophrenic. The modern mental health care system correctly understood the “form” of the patient's symptoms, auditory and visual hallucinations. It did not however at first appreciate their “content”, or cultural significance. The patient had unresolved anger toward his family which was manifested in an angry exchange with his mother. This exchange created guilt and the belief that the patient had sinned… 
Explanations of Mental Health Symptoms By the Bedouin-Arabs of the Negev
  • A. Al-Krenawi
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of social psychiatry
  • 1999
Findings revealed that all patients, male and female alike, perceived and explained their symptoms as being caused by supernatural powers, there were gender differences, however, regarding the perceived nature of, and behaviour of, these supernatural powers.
Integrating Cultural Rituals into Family Therapy
Abstract This paper describes the treatment of a Bedouin-Arab in an outpatient psychiatric clinic in the south of Israel by a Russian-Jewish psychiatrist and a Bedouin-Arab mental health
Bedouin-Arab clients' use of proverbs in the therapeutic setting
The following paper is based on my experience as aBedouin-Arab psychiatric social worker. I have workedwith the Bedouin-Arab population of the Negev, Israel,in two settings: psychiatric and primary
The Attribution of Mental Health Problems to Jinn: An Explorative Study in a Transcultural Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic
The phenomenon of attributing mental health symptoms to jinn was much more common in this population of Muslim patients than previously assumed and underscores the need for proper knowledge of Muslim explanatory models of disease and for the use of culturally sensitive interviewing techniques in this community.
Gender and Biomedical/Traditional Mental Health Utilization Among the Bedouin-Arabs of the Negev
Twenty Bedouin-Arab non-psychotic subjects in Israel utilized biomedical and traditional healing mental health care systems and found gender differences were found in symptomatology and in patient construction of etiology.
Reconciling Western Treatment and Traditional Healing: A Social Worker Walks with the Wind
The paper recommends that modern practitioners who work with traditional ethnic groups be more culturally sensitive and accept their clients' utilization of traditional healing and urges that modern professionals incorporate knowledge of traditional diagnoses and healing approaches into their practice.
Battling with Failed Procreativity: Involuntarily Childless Patients’ Experiences in Bulawayo Public Hospitals, Zimbabwe
Received: May 18, 2019 Accepted: June 14, 2019 Published: July 31, 2019 Volume: 1 Issue: 4 Involuntarily childless women seeking medical attention in Bulawayo’s public hospitals sometimes experience
The attribution of psychotic symptoms to jinn in Islamic patients
Although infrequently documented in the biomedical literature, the attribution of psychiatric symptoms to jinn appears to be quite common among Islamic patients, and to have significant impact on the diagnosis, treatment, and course of mental disorders, particularly psychotic disorders.
Role of Islam in the management of Psychiatric disorders
The impact of various beliefs in the Islamic faith on the bio-psychosocial model for the management of different psychiatric disorders including focusing on the modification of psychotherapeutic techniques as cognitive restructuring is discussed.
Attitudes toward and perceived psychosocial impact of female circumcision as practiced among the Bedouin-Arabs of the Negev.
Attitudes toward and the perceived psychosocial impact of circumcision as practiced among the Bedouin-Arabs of the Negev, Israel are examined and findings indicated that women had difficulties in mother-daughter relationships and trust.


The belief in the transmigration of souls: psychotherapy of a Druze patient with severe anxiety reaction.
The therapists joined the patient's explanatory model and previous traditional healing, adding hypnotic suggestion which relieved the symptoms and the relationship of patient symptomatology to cultural background, multiple personality disorder, possession and dissociation is discussed.
Cultural aspects of delusions: a psychiatric study of Egypt.
The author reaches the conclusion that the content of the patient's delusion varies directly in relation to his social class, and for most of the low class men and women, the delusional symptoms were fantasied in terms of the cultural religious institutions.
The Traditional Healer and Psychiatry
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
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Successful psychiatric treatment for rural Africans should incorporate their traditional belief that illness should be viewed in terms of magical, social, physical and religious parameters.
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Working with Jewish ultra-orthodox patients: Guidelines for a culturally sensitive therapy
It is sought to incorporate religiously congruent elements, composed of metaphoric images, narratives and actions, into the wide range of “secular” treatment modalities in order to respond to the patient's suffering, often expressed through distinctively religious idioms of distress.
Patients, chaperons and healers: enlarging the therapeutic encounter.
Culture and Mental Illness in Algeria
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of social psychiatry
  • 1990
Two major sociocultural factors related to mental illness are emphasised: the Muslim religion and social changes during both the colonial and post-colonial eras and many culture-specific family stresses.
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  • W. Bazzoui
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
  • 1970
There are a few select areas where affective disorders in Iraq seem to differ from the same group in England, and there appears to be a lesser incidence of ideas of unworthiness even in the more severely depressed patients.