Spine ergonomics.

  title={Spine ergonomics.},
  author={Malcolm Henry Pope and K. L. Goh and Marianne L. Magnusson},
  journal={Annual review of biomedical engineering},
Occupational low back pain (LBP) is an immense burden for both industry and medicine. Ergonomic and personal risk factors result in LBP, but psychosocial factors can influence LBP disability. Epidemiologic studies clearly indicate the role of mechanical loads on the etiology of occupational LBP. Occupational exposures such as lifting, particularly in awkward postures; heavy lifting; or repetitive lifting are related to LBP. Fixed postures and prolonged seating are also risk factors. LBP is… CONTINUE READING
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