Spinal narcotics: what should be the standard for monitoring?

@article{Petty1994SpinalNW,
  title={Spinal narcotics: what should be the standard for monitoring?},
  author={William Clayton Petty},
  journal={AANA journal},
  year={1994},
  volume={62 3},
  pages={198, 204}
}
Many years ago the most frequent reason for a needle to trespass the dura mater barrier was to obtain cerebrospinal fluid for analysis. Today, the most common reason for such trespass is to deposit a drug (i.e., local anesthetic or narcotic) into the fluid. Narcotics deposited directly into the cerebrospinal fluid have a profound effect on counteracting the… CONTINUE READING