Spinal injuries in rugby union, 1970–2003: lessons and responsibilities

@article{Haylen2004SpinalII,
  title={Spinal injuries in rugby union, 1970–2003: lessons and responsibilities},
  author={Paul T Haylen},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
  year={2004},
  volume={181}
}
  • P. T. Haylen
  • Published 1 July 2004
  • Medicine
  • Medical Journal of Australia
There was an increase in the frequency of rugby union spinal injuries worldwide during the 1970s and early 1980s. The United Kingdom and Australia have since had some success in reducing this increase in spinal injuries. These changes were the result of actions by rugby union authorities in response to recommendations by medical advisors; legal action by injured players has also played a part. The frequency of spinal injuries has not decreased in New Zealand (up to 2000) and South Africa (up to… 
Spinal cord injuries in South African Rugby Union (1980 - 2007).
TLDR
A register of all rugby-related SCIs in South Africa is essential to monitor the magnitude of the problem, identify potential risk factors, and formulate appropriate preventive interventions.
RugbySmart: the development, delivery and evaluation of a nationwide injury prevention programme
TLDR
This thesis represents the research work relating to rugby union from 2000 to 2007, when the Manager of Injury Prevention and Research for the New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRU) was the main priorities to increase understanding of risk factors for rugby injury, to implement preventive measures, and to assess the effect of those preventive measures.
Serious neck injuries in U19 rugby union players: an audit of admissions to spinal injury units in Great Britain and Ireland
TLDR
U19 rugby players continue to sustain serious neck injuries necessitating admission to spinal injury units with a low but persistent frequency, and the recent rate of admission in Scotland is disproportionately high when the respective estimated playing populations are considered.
Effect of nationwide injury prevention programme on serious spinal injuries in New Zealand rugby union: ecological study
TLDR
The introduction of the RugbySmart programme coincided with a reduction in the rate of disabling spinal injuries arising from scrums in rugby union, exemplifies the benefit of educational initiatives in injury prevention and the need for comprehensive injury surveillance systems for evaluating injury prevention initiatives in sport.
Impact of the national prevention policy and scrum law changes on the incidence of rugby-related catastrophic cervical spine injuries in French Rugby Union
TLDR
The implementation of specific prevention programmes and scrum law changes has notably resulted in a decrease in scrum injuries in forwards and should be continued to monitor the future progression of injuries and adapt prevention programmes accordingly.
Recent trends in rugby union injuries.
Injury Trends and Prevention in Rugby Union Football
TLDR
There is still significant need for further epidemiologic data as there is evidence that injury prevention programs and rule changes have been successful in decreasing the number of catastrophic injuries in rugby union.
Catastrophic Injury in Rugby Union
TLDR
The assessment indicated that the risk of sustaining a catastrophic injury in rugby union could be regarded as acceptable and that the laws of the game therefore adequately manage the risk.
Declining Incidence of Catastrophic Cervical Spine Injuries in French Rugby: 1996-2006
TLDR
The incidence of disabling cervical spine injuries in French rugby has decreased for the last 10 years, which is linked to the decreasing incidence of injuries in the scrum.
Interim evaluation of the effect of a new scrum law on neck and back injuries in rugby union
TLDR
The decline in scrum-related injury claims is consistent with a beneficial effect of the new scrum law in the first year of its implementation, and another year of monitoring should provide more evidence for the efficacy of thenew law.
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
Rugby and spinal injury: what can be done?
  • J. D. Yeo
  • Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 1998
TLDR
Although studies of cervical spinal cord injury in rugby football had been presented to medical and rugby authorities within the previous five years, no action appeared to have been taken, the authors noted.
Spinal‐cord injuries in Australian footballers, 1960‐1985
TLDR
A national register for spinal‐eord injuries from football should be established to monitor the effects of desirable rule changes in Rugby Union and Rugby League, and suggestions for rule changes are made.
Spinal injuries in New Zealand rugby and rugby league : a twenty year survey
TLDR
There has not been a decrease in spinal cord injuries in rugby following rule changes in the mid 1980s, and in the eighteen months since intense compulsory educational programmes on safety were introduced by the New Zealand Rugby Union there have been no serious spinal Cord injuries from rugby scrums.
The prevention of spinal injuries in rugby football
TLDR
The historical sequence of how preventative measures came about to reduce the incidence of injuries and the legal implications whereby the authors took part in two law suits are discussed.
An apparent reduction in the incidence and severity of spinal cord injuries in schoolboy rugby players in the western Cape since 1990.
TLDR
It is concluded that a further reduction in spinal cord injuries in adult and schoolboy rugby players in the Western Cape requires: the elimination of injuries occurring in the ruck and maul, and to the tackler; the strict application of the high-tackle rule in adult rugby; and a continuing, high level of vigilance.
Rugby Union Injuries to the Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord
TLDR
Research into the long-term effects of participation in rugby on the integrity of the spinal column is warranted, and well-designed epidemiological studies will be able to provide more accurate information about potential risk factors for injury such as age, grade, position, gender and ethnicity.
A retrospective study of spinal cord injuries in Cape Province rugby players, 1963-1989. Incidence, mechanisms and prevention.
TLDR
It is confirmed that spinal cord injuries occur under predictable circumstances and are therefore foreseeable and preventable and the high incidence of these injuries in the Cape Province is as unacceptable today as it was when first reported in 1977.
Catastrophic rugby injuries of the spinal cord: changing patterns of injury.
  • A. Scher
  • Medicine
    British journal of sports medicine
  • 1991
TLDR
It is shown that the tackle is now the major cause of spinal cord injury in South African rugby, in contrast to earlier analyses in which the scrum was identified as the most common cause.
The impact of the 21st century on rugby injuries
TLDR
To prevent these injuries occurring there is a need for better statistics, enforcement of the laws and improved standards of refereeing, higher standards of fitness and training in particular to de-power the set scrum.
Prevention of spinal cord injuries in an Australian study (New South Wales)
TLDR
The Spinal Awareness and Prevention Programme presented through the Royal North Shore Hospital and the Royal Rehabilitation Centre, in Sydney, NSW, Australia has grown considerably since 1982 and requires a full time coordinator, secretary and five disabled lecturers (part time).
...
1
2
3
4
...