Spinal extradural arteriovenous malformations with parenchymal drainage: venous drainage variability and implications in clinical manifestations.

@article{Clarke2009SpinalEA,
  title={Spinal extradural arteriovenous malformations with parenchymal drainage: venous drainage variability and implications in clinical manifestations.},
  author={Michelle J. Clarke and Todd A Patrick and James B. White and H J Cloft and William E. Krauss and E P Lindell and David G. Piepgras},
  journal={Neurosurgical focus},
  year={2009},
  volume={26 1},
  pages={E5}
}
OBJECT Although nontraumatic spinal arteriovenous malformations and fistulas (AVMs and AVFs) restricted to the epidural space are rare, they can lead to significant neurological morbidity. Careful diagnostic imaging is essential to their detection and the delineation of the pathological anatomy. Aggressive endovascular and open operative treatment can provide arrest and reversal of neurological deficits. METHODS The authors report on 6 cases of extradural AVMs/AVFs causing progressive… CONTINUE READING

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