Spinal cord stimulation with percutaneous and plate electrodes: side effects and quantitative comparisons.

@article{North1997SpinalCS,
  title={Spinal cord stimulation with percutaneous and plate electrodes: side effects and quantitative comparisons.},
  author={Richard B. North and A R Lanning and R Hessels and Protagoras N. Cutchis},
  journal={Neurosurgical focus},
  year={1997},
  volume={2 1},
  pages={e3}
}
Spinal cord stimulation is limited by the uncomfortable side effects experienced by the patient as the amplitude of stimulation is increased. These side effects include local segmental paresthesias or motor responses, which are objectively demonstrable as frequency-following muscle contractions, attributable to dorsal root stimulation. The authors present evidence for another mechanism of stimulation-evoked discomfort, namely recruitment of small fibers in ligamentum flavum, which occurs when… CONTINUE READING

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