Spinal cord stimulation for complex regional pain syndrome: A systematic review of the clinical and cost‐effectiveness literature and assessment of prognostic factors

@article{Taylor2006SpinalCS,
  title={Spinal cord stimulation for complex regional pain syndrome: A systematic review of the clinical and cost‐effectiveness literature and assessment of prognostic factors},
  author={Rodney Stephen Taylor and Jean‐Pierre Buyten and Eric E. Buchser},
  journal={European Journal of Pain},
  year={2006},
  volume={10}
}
Spinal cord stimulation in severe cases of complex regional pain syndrome: A retrospective cohort study with long‐term follow‐up
TLDR
Pain intensity, depression, pain catastrophizing, pain medication use, and QoL were significantly improved after SCS implantation, with high patient satisfaction rates in CRPS patients, supporting the continued use of SCS in the treatment of severe CRPS.
Spinal Cord Stimulation in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I of Less Than 12‐Month Duration
TLDR
The early use of spinal cord stimulation has been recommended as a strategy to prevent chronicity and functional impairment in complex regional pain syndrome type 1.
A Comprehensive Outcome‐Specific Review of the Use of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
TLDR
This comprehensive outcome‐specific systematic review of the use of SCS for CRPS was performed to elucidate the available evidence with focus on clinically relevant patient‐specific outcomes.
Spinal Cord Stimulation Has Comparable Efficacy in Common Pain Etiologies
TLDR
The predictive value of pain etiology as it relates to pain relief with SCS as part of a prospective multicenter clinical trial is assessed.
Effectiveness of Cervical Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Management of Chronic Pain
TLDR
Data from an international registry is analyzed to support the use of cervical SCS in the cervical spine and to refute the assumption that there is a lack of clinical literature on this treatment.
The Impact of Tobacco Smoking on Spinal Cord Stimulation Effectiveness in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Patients
We aim to investigate the correlation of smoking and spinal cord stimulation (SCS) effectiveness for pain relief in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) patients while controlling for possible
Spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of chronic peripheral neuropathic pain
TLDR
A review of the modern literature on the issues of spinal cord stimulation in peripheral chronic neuropathic pain is presented and the results of the studies evaluating the effectiveness of spinal Cord stimulation in the most common types of neuropathicPain are presented.
A Systematic Evaluation of Burst Spinal Cord Stimulation for Chronic Back and Limb Pain
Traditional tonic spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been approved by FDA for chronic pain of intractable back and limb pain. However, it induces paresthesia and relieves pain poorly to some extent.
Spinal Cord Stimulation as Treatment for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Should Be Considered Earlier Than Last Resort Therapy
TLDR
Spinal cord stimulation for the treatment of CRPS should be implemented earlier in a treatment algorithm using a more comprehensive approach based on new information regarding safety, cost, and efficacy.
Spinal Cord Stimulation and Other Interventional Therapy Modalities for the Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
TLDR
Neuromodulation techniques appear to have a cost-effective niche for certain refractory patients with persistent CRPS, according to a small number of studies.
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References

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Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome I [RSD]: a Retrospective Multicenter Experience from 1995 to 1998 of 101 Patients
TLDR
Evaluation of effectiveness of spinal cord stimulation applied to complex regional pain syndrome I (CRPS I) and trends to focus the design of a multicenter prospective study are analyzed.
Epidural spinal cord stimulation in the management of reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
Eighteen subjects with intractable pain due to reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) underwent treatment by epidural spinal cord Stimulation (SCS). All the patients had previously undergone multiple symp
Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: An Evidence-Based Medicine Review of the Literature
TLDR
Clinically useful information extracted from the available studies is very limited in guiding clinicians in the rational use of SCS for pain management in CRPS patients.
Safety and efficacy of spinal cord stimulation for the treatment of chronic pain: a 20-year literature review.
TLDR
There is an urgent need for randomized, controlled, long-term studies on the efficacy of SCS involving larger patient sample sizes and, in general, SCS was a safe and effective treatment for a variety of chronic neuropathic conditions.
Neuroaugmentation in the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome of the upper extremity.
TLDR
The authors conclude that in late stages of complex regional pain syndrome, neuroaugmentation is a reasonable option when alternative therapies have failed.
Impact of Spinal Cord Stimulation on Sensory Characteristics in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I: A Randomized Trial
TLDR
Although SCS has previously been shown to cause a significant pain reduction in complex regional pain syndrome type I, the treatment has no long-term effect on detection and pain thresholds for pressure, warmth, or cold.
The cost effectiveness of spinal cord stimulation in the treatment of pain: a systematic review of the literature.
Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Relief of Pain: Proceedings of a Symposium during the 4th International Congress of the International Neuromodulation Society, September 16–20, 1998, Lucerne, Switzerland
  • J. Oakley
  • Medicine
    Neuromodulation : journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
  • 1999
TLDR
This paper introduces subsequent contributions to this symposium, which offer some interesting new techniques, and attempts to answer some of the problems presented.
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