GABA(B) receptors modulate primary afferent fibre evoked responses of spinal neurones. Here effects of the selective GABA(B) receptor antagonist, CGP-35348, on electrically-evoked responses of spinal neurones in control and carrageenan-inflamed rats were studied. Spinal CGP-35348 (0.1-10 microg/50 microl) did not alter Abeta- or Adelta-fibre evoked neuronal responses in control rats, although C-fibre evoked responses and post discharge responses of spinal neurones were significantly facilitated by 3.0 and 10.0 microg/50 microl CGP-35348 (p < 0.05). In carrageenan-treated animals, spinal CGP-35348 did not alter electrically evoked responses of spinal neurones at any dose. Our data suggest that following acute peripheral inflammation there is loss of endogenous GABA(B) receptor mediated inhibition of C-fibre transmission at the level of the spinal cord.