Spinal Cord Injury, Posttraumatic Stress, and Locus of Control Among the Elderly: A Comparison with Young and Middle—Aged Patients

@article{Chung2006SpinalCI,
  title={Spinal Cord Injury, Posttraumatic Stress, and Locus of Control Among the Elderly: A Comparison with Young and Middle—Aged Patients},
  author={Man Cheung Chung and Eleni Preveza and Konstantinos Papandreou and Nikolaos Prevezas},
  journal={Psychiatry},
  year={2006},
  volume={69},
  pages={69 - 80}
}
Abstract This study aimed to investigate the extent to which spinal cord injury posttraumatic stress (SCI PTSD) responses and the use of the external or internal health locus of control might vary according to age. Sixty—two patients with SCI were recruited for the study and divided into young (n = 23), middle—aged (n = 25) and elderly (n = 14) groups. They were assessed using the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL), the General Health Questionnaire—28 (GHQ—28), and the… 
Posttraumatic stress and co-morbidity following myocardial infarction among older patients: The role of coping
TLDR
Controlling for bypass surgery, previous mental health difficulties, angioplasty, heart failure and angina, MANCOVA results did not change the overall results of the GHQ-28 but changed the results of coping in that seeking emotional social support and behavioural disengagement stopped being significant.
Posttraumatic stress following spinal cord injury: a systematic review of risk and vulnerability factors
TLDR
Combinations of peri- and post-injury factors appear to be influential in the development of PTSD among persons with SCI and further studies are needed to extrapolate these findings to the broader spinal cord-injured population.
Risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in persons with spinal cord injury.
TLDR
Patients at risk for PTSD should be identified early in the rehabilitation process and could benefit from psychological interventions with the aim of preventing PTSD development.
What predicts post-traumatic stress following spinal cord injury?
TLDR
An important finding is that the acceptance of the injury is mediated by negative cognitions of the self which need to be identified as potential risk factors in order to prevent the development of post-traumatic symptoms in this population of patients.
The Impact of Perceptions of Health Control and Coping Modes on Negative Affect Among Individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries
TLDR
Results indicated that the use of disengagement coping successfully predicted both respondents’ levels of depression and PTSD, and none of the perceptions of control of one’s health significantly influenced psychosocial reactions to SCI, although perceptions of chance control showed a moderate positive trend.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Following Stroke and Its Dispositional Risk Factors: A Cross-Cultural Study Between British and Chinese
TLDR
Following stroke, people could experience PTSD symptoms which might change overtime and could also develop psychiatric eo-morbidity and the way in which risk factors associated with outcomes changed depending on cultures.
Pain symptom profiles in persons with spinal cord injury.
TLDR
It is suggested that pain symptom profiles may be a useful way to further characterize pain in a comprehensive assessment strategy and need to be replicated in other spinal cord injury samples.
Post-traumatic stress disorder in patients with spinal-cord injuries
TLDR
The results indicated a high rate of post-traumatic stress disorder following traumatic spinal-cord injuries, and single young males were found to be at greater risk of sustaining such injuries.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Psychiatric Co-morbidity among Syrian Refugees of Different Ages: the Role of Trauma Centrality
TLDR
The war had a less severe impact on young adults’ sense of self and other psychological problems than those who were older and the way in which young and middle-aged adults responded to distress varied depending on environment and personal characteristics.
Posttraumatic stress symptoms, co-morbid psychiatric symptoms and distorted cognitions among flood victims of different ages
TLDR
Adolescents and young adults buffered against flood-related psychological distress better than older people, and distorted cognitions related to distress outcomes differently depending on age.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Posttraumatic stress disorder in elderly and younger adults after the 1988 earthquake in Armenia.
TLDR
These findings indicate that after a major natural disaster with subsequent multiple adversities, a substantial proportion of the adult population may experience severe and chronic posttraumatic stress reactions.
The Influence of Spinal Cord Injury on Coping Styles and Self-Perceptions: A Controlled Study
TLDR
The SCI group were found to be more external in their perceptions of control, lower in self-esteem, and more helpless/hopeless and fatalistic in attitude than the controls.
Early Versus Late Onset of Spinal Cord Injury Among the Elderly
TLDR
Comparisons between groups showed that individuals with SCI onset 60 years of age or older were significantly older, had a greater proportion of incomplete lesions, were more likely to have SCI resulting from medical complication, and were less likely to be working.
Anxiety and depression after spinal cord injury: a longitudinal analysis.
TLDR
The numbers of persons scoring above clinical cut-off scores for anxiety and depression highlight the need to continue to ensure that appropriate psychological care is available within SCI rehabilitation settings.
The Influence of Spinal Cord Injury on Coping Styles and Self-Perceptions Two Years after the Injury
TLDR
After one year, the SCI group were found to perceive their life to be externally controlled, to be lower in self-esteem, and have more helpless/hopeless and fatalistic attitudes than the controls, while after two years there were no differences in self esteem and coping styles, though the locus of control fluctuated.
Correlates of life satisfaction and depression in middle-aged and elderly spinal cord-injured persons.
  • S. Decker, R. Schulz
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1985
TLDR
People who were younger, who incurred their disability at a younger age, and who blamed themselves and felt they could have avoided the injury also tended to report higher levels of well-being.
Traumatic spinal cord injury and psychological impact: a cross-sectional analysis of coping strategies.
TLDR
The results help to identify specific coping strategies associated with better adjustment and highlight the need to adopt a longitudinal approach in the investigation of psychological responses to spinal cord injury.
A comparison of posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans with and without spinal cord injury.
TLDR
It is suggested that sustaining a quadriplegic SCI decreases risk of current PTSD, whereas sustaining a paraplegicSCI is associated with greater risk of PTSD, although the risk is no greater than that incurred from experiencing the trauma itself.
Health-related quality of life after spinal cord injury
TLDR
HRQOL is decreased in the studied population with an SCI andalysing the various medical and sociodemographic variables with the eight scales of the SF-36 indicate that younger age, employment and the lack of hospitalization in the previous year were associated with a better quality of life.
A longitudinal analysis of psychological impact and coping strategies following spinal cord injury
Objectives. This study longitudinally examines the relationships between psychological impact and coping in a cohort of 87 traumatic spinal cord injured individuals. Trieschmann (1988) emphasized the
...
...