Spina bifida subtypes and sub-phenotypes by maternal race/ethnicity in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

@article{Agopian2012SpinaBS,
  title={Spina bifida subtypes and sub-phenotypes by maternal race/ethnicity in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.},
  author={Aaron J Agopian and Mark A. Canfield and Richard S. McBride Michael L. Hendricks John E. Olney and Philip J Lupo and Tunu A. Ramadhani and Laura E. Mitchell and Gary M Shaw and Cynthia A. Moore},
  journal={American journal of medical genetics. Part A},
  year={2012},
  volume={158A 1},
  pages={109-15}
}
Spina bifida refers to a collection of neural tube defects, including myelomeningocele, meningocele, and myelocele (SB(M) ), as well as lipomyelomeningocele and lipomeningocele (SB(L) ). Maternal race/ethnicity has been associated with an increased risk for spina bifida among offspring. To better understand this relationship, we evaluated different spina bifida subtypes (SB(M) vs. SB(L) ) and sub-phenotypes (anatomic level or presence of additional malformations) by maternal race/ethnicity… CONTINUE READING