Spina bifida in the dog.

  title={Spina bifida in the dog.},
  author={J. Walter Wilson and Harold J. Kurtz and H. W. Leipold and George E. Lees},
  journal={Veterinary pathology},
  volume={16 2},
Spina bifida was diagnosed in four English Bulldogs and one Collie dog. These cases and the examination of records from the Veterinary Medical Data Program suggested a high incidence of spina bifida in the English Bulldog. Urinary and fecal incontinence was the most common reason for initial examination for the five dogs. Radiographs and myelography confirmed the diagnosis of spina bifida. Blood, cerebrospinal fluid and urine analyses did not aid diagnosis but urocystitis was identified. In… CONTINUE READING